24th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists

  • Satu Koivisto (Speaker: Presenter)

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesPublic Talks

Description

Searching for inundated hunter-fisher-gatherer sites in lake environments in south-eastern Finland
Abstract:
The Saimaa Lake complex in the eastern part of Finland has constituted one of the major inland water systems transmitting technical and cultural influences between vast regions throughout millennia. After isolation from the Yoldia Sea ca. 11 000 years ago, the water level of the small Early Mesolithic lakes was relatively low. Due to the post-glacial land uplift and lake tilting, the Saimaa basin continued to transgress towards the southeast direction and thus inundated the earlier lakeshores. By 6000 BP, the ancient Lake Saimaa reached its maximum extent, nearly 9000 km2 in size, which culminated in the outburst of the Vuoksi River in the south ca. 4000-3700 calBCE. Because of the transgression, the Mesolithic and Early Neolithic sites are to be found under water and in wetlands surrounding the present-day Saimaa Lake. A project entitled ‘Lost Inland Landscapes’ by the University of Helsinki aims in finding these paludified and submerged Stone Age sites in the lower Lake Saimaa area. On Finnish drylands, practically all the organic materials from the Mesolithic and Early Neolithic have deteriorated, but in wet environments, fairly much of them might have survived. If successful, the project would yield scientifically highly important new data on the Mesolithic and Early Neolithic periods in SE Finland. The presentation will outline the main activities of the project and its recent achievements and review the available methods for detecting deeply buried archaeological remains in demanding underwater and wetland conditions in lake environments.
Period7 Sep 2018
Event typeConference
LocationBarcelona, Spain
Degree of RecognitionInternational