Implications of Network Patterns in Land Use Change and Migration on Households’ Involvement in Forest Conservation: A Comparative Analysis of Laos, Vietnam and Indonesia

Brockhaus, M. (Speaker), Grace Yee Wong (Speaker), Moeliono Moira (Speaker), Indah Waty Bong (Speaker), Thu Thuy Pham (Speaker), Maharani Cynthia (Speaker)

Activity: Talk or presentation typesOral presentation


Many areas in Southeast Asia are undergoing major changes where
smallholder systems (e.g. swidden) form part of people’s lives and livelihoods.
And while often remote, wide-spanning networks of resource exchange and
influence are impacting people’s decision-making processes over land and
land use. Large-scale land-use change, which is often decided at a macro level,
as well as local population dynamics, are putting pressure on available land.
Out-migration and mobility, as part of these dynamics, might actually lead to
higher levels of formal and informal engagement in the conservation of forests
and tree resources. The question remains, what network patterns hinder or
enable engagement of actors in conservation? In this paper, we present a crosscountry
comparison through household and focus group data and argue that i)
larger scale land-use change is often stimulated by governmental policies
aiming at increased agricultural cash-commodity production or by concessions
and land sales. Hence, we expect higher levels of non-local private sector and
governmental actors driving the conversion of forests to other land uses. We
also argue that ii) migration can facilitate informal forest conservation through
the provision of new information and awareness on forest conservation. In
addition, shortage of labor, due to migration, can reduce the agricultural land
area which can be cultivated. Hence, we would expect that the availability of
financial and informational resources from migration would have a positive
effect on informal engagement in conservation. With an exponential random
graph model (ERGM) we will test these hypotheses and discuss our findings in
light of the current debates about the implications of human migration on
forests in rural areas in the tropics.
Keywords: Social Network Analysis, Comparative Analysis, Migration, Forest
Conservation, REDD+, Shifting Cultivation
Period10 Jun 201816 Jun 2018
Event titleSmall-scale Forestry Conference 2018
Event typeConference
LocationVaasa, Finland
Degree of RecognitionInternational