The 2019 ESERA conference in Bologna, Italy, August 26-30, 2019.

Uitto, A. (Speaker: Presenter)

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesOrganisation and participation in conferences, workshops, courses, seminars


Title: Using mobile gaze tracking to study students' observations during an outdoor ecology lesson

The aim of the study was to investigate the possibilities of mobile gaze tracking (MGT) in educational research on outdoor learning. Three eight grade students with their teacher participated to the study. The study was carried out during an outdoor ecology lesson, the topic of which was ecology and forest mushrooms. During the lesson the students’ made observations, used an identification chart and collected mushrooms into a bucket for later studies with the teacher. Each student wore a MGT system including a gaze tracking frame, backpack storage unit, and a smartphone for audio recording. Pupils found MGT study interesting and they didn't find it unpleasant to wear the MGT system. The quantitative analysis of gaze data showed that the long gaze fixation duration occurred concurrently with the episodes, in which the students were actively observing an object in their environment. These episodes can be estimated and selected for a qualitative in-depth analysis. The synchronized video and audio data was qualitatively analyzed and classified using the information on long fixation durations. The result showed that although the students recognized mushrooms fairly easily, they failed in the identification. However, in spite of drawbacks the students were motivated to continue the task in the forest. During the lesson the students talked together about the task, the forest environment, their own associations, experiences and feelings relating to the topic. Talking was the way to keep the group together, though the students had different roles in the group. The results clearly showed which aspects of outdoor learning were successful and what should be improved in planning and implementation in outdoor learning.
Period26 Aug 201931 Aug 2019
Event typeConference
LocationBologna, Italy
Degree of RecognitionInternational