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Personal profile

Description of research and teaching

I have been professor of silviculture / applied ecology at the department since 2005. My research field is production ecology, and my special interests are in understanding how trees capture resources and how they allocate them to form a spectrum of structures that appear so well adapted to the prevailing environment.

At the department I lead the Forest Modelling Research Group which develops theories and models of tree function, structure, and growth, and applies these to questions relevant to forest management under changing environmental conditions and alternative management objectives. The group is also part of the Centre of Excellence in Atmospheric Science.

My basic degree is in systems theory from Helsinki University of Technology (now Aalto University) and my PhD is in forestry. Before my current post, I worked in different research and teaching positions at the department, apart from some years abroad.


  • 4112 Forestry

International and National Collaboration Publications and projects within past five years.

Publications 1979 2019

A climate-sensitive forest model for assessing impacts of forest management in Europe

Härkönen, S., Neumann, M., Mues, V., Berninger, F., Bronisz, K., Cardellini, G., Chirici, G., Hasenauer, H., Koehl, M., Lang, M., Merganicova, K., Mohren, F., Moiseyev, A., Moreno, A., Mura, M., Muys, B., Olschofsky, K., Del Perugia, B., Rorstad, P. K., Solberg, B. & 3 othersThivolle-Cazat, A., Trotsiuk, V. & Mäkelä, A., May 2019, In : Environmental Modelling & Software. 115, p. 128-143 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access

Comparison of population-based algorithms for optimizing thinnings and rotation using a process-based growth model

Xue, H., Mäkelä-Carter, A. A., Vanclay, J., Valsta, L. T. & Cao, T., 26 Feb 2019, In : Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research. 34, 4, 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Ecosystem Services Related to Carbon Cycling - Modeling Present and Future Impacts in Boreal Forests

Holmberg, M., Aalto, T., Akujarvi, A., Arslan, A. N., Bergstrom, I., Bottcher, K., Lahtinen, I., Makela, A., Markkanen, T., Minunno, F., Peltoniemi, M., Rankinen, K., Vihervaara, P. & Forsius, M., 26 Mar 2019, In : Frontiers in plant science. 10, 14 p., 343.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access

Seedling emergence in uneven-aged Norway spruce stands in Finland

Kuusinen, N., Valkonen, S., Berninger, F. & Makela, A., 3 Apr 2019, In : Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research. 34, 3, p. 200-207 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Projects 1981 2021

ATM: Centre of Excellence in Atmospheric Science – From Molecular and Biological processes to The Global Climate

Kulmala, M., Vesala, T., Petäjä, T., Vehkamäki, H., Hämeri, K., Boy, M., Riekkola, M., Worsnop, D., Bäck, J., Pumpanen, J., Mäkelä, A., Moisseev, D., De Leeuw, G., Zilitinkevich, S., Kerminen, V., Järvinen, H., Hartonen, K., Sipilä, M., Virtanen, A., Hakola, H., Pulliainen, J., Korhonen, H., Viisanen, Y., Öster, P., Laaksonen, A., Aalto, T., Romakkaniemi, S., Lihavainen, H. & Lintunen, A.


Project: Research project


IUFRO Scientific Achievement Award

Annikki Mäkelä (Recipient), 2014

Prize: Prizes and awards

Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun I luokan ritarimerkki

Annikki Mäkelä (Recipient), 6 Dec 2015

Prize: Prizes and awards

Activities 1991 2018

Swedish University of Agrcicultural Sciences

Annikki Mäkelä (Visiting researcher)
29 Sep 20182 Oct 2018

Activity: Visiting an external institution typesAcademic visit to other institution

Expert committee for appointing an associate professor at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (Event)

Annikki Mäkelä (Board member)

Activity: Membership typesAssessment of candidates for academic posts

Opponent of doctoral dissertation of Laith Al Rahahleh

Annikki Mäkelä (Opponent)
23 Nov 2018

Activity: Examination typesOpponent of doctoral dissertation

FORMASAM network (FORest MAnagement Scenarios for Adaptation and Mitigation) (Event)

Annikki Mäkelä (Board member)
Apr 2018Mar 2020

Activity: Membership typesMembership or other role in research network