• PL 65 (Viikinkaari 1)



  • Finland

  • Viikinkaari 1, Biocentre 3

    00790 Helsinki


1989 …2024

Research activity per year

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Personal profile

Description of research and teaching

My main academic interests are:

- Science and innovation strategy

- Encouraging future generations of scientists.

- Conveying science to non-specialist audiences.

- Arctic, Antarctic & Baltic sea ice ecology & biogeochemistry.

- The role of dissolved organic matter, inorganic nutrients and bacteria in: ice, aquatic systems & land-ocean transitions.

- Inorganic nutrients & phytoplankton primary production.

- Industrial microalgal biomass production & utilisation.

- Seaweed & halophyte ecology & physiology.

- Connections between science & art.

Curriculum vitae

In November 2020 I joined the University of Helsinki as Professor of Arctic Ecosystems Research


Previous key academic appointments:

Starting in 1981, I spent 6.5 years at Liverpool University where I did my undergraduate and PhD studies.

I then moved to northern Germany for 7.5 years to conduct research at various institutions (University of Bremen, AWI, Bremerhaven, University of Oldenburg & ZMT, Bremen).

I returned to the UK in July 1996 to join the School of Ocean Sciences at Bangor University where I became the Professor of Marine Biology (2006 to 2020), Head of School (2016 to 2019) and the Pro Vice-Chancellor for Research for Bangor University (2019 to 2020).


December 2013 to March 2019 I was the first Director of the Sêr Cymru National Research Network for Low Carbon Energy and the Environment (www.nrn-lcee.ac.uk).


Jan 2009 to Dec 2013 I was an Academy of Finland FidiPro Distinguished Professor at the Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), where I continued as a Visiting Research Professor from Jan 2014 to Dec 2019.


Jan to Oct 2013 I was Professor of Arctic Marine Biology at Aarhus University

Education/Academic qualification

Higher Education Teaching, Postgraduate Certificate in Teaching Higher Education , University of Wales

Award Date: 31 Jul 2001

Marine Biology, PhD, Univ Liverpool, University of Liverpool

Award Date: 18 Mar 1988

Environmental Science, BSc, Univ Liverpool, University of Liverpool

Award Date: 4 Jul 1984

External positions

Associate Editor of Ambio

14 Sept 2021 → …

Honorary Professor, Bangor University, School of Ocean Sciences

1 Nov 202031 Oct 2023

Fellow, Learned Society of Wales

May 2018 → …


1 Jan 201731 Dec 2020

Editorial Board, Polar Biology (Journal, Springer)

2004Feb 2021

Fellow, The Royal Society of Biology

2004 → …

Fields of Science

  • 1172 Environmental sciences
  • Marine biology
  • Aquatic Biogeochemistry
  • Arctic research
  • sea ice microbiology
  • Baltic Sea
  • dissolved organic and inorganic carbon

International and National Collaboration

Publications and projects within past five years.