Research Output per year

## Personal profile

### Curriculum vitae

Name: **PEHKONEN, Erkki Kalevi**

Date of Birth: September 29, 1941

Place of Birth: Helsinki, Finland

Education: PhD, Mathematics, University of Jyväskylä, 1976

Thesis Title: Regularität der schwachen Lösungen linearer quasielliptischer Dirichletprobleme

Career:

Mathematics teacher in several schools in Helsinki 1965–75

Junior lecturer on mathematics at the University of Helsinki 1975–1980

Senior lecturer on mathematics education at the University of Helsinki 1980–1999

Senior research fellow at the Finnish Academy for three years 1989–1992, 1996, 1998

Professor on mathematics education at the University of Duisburg (Germany) 1994, 1999

Full professor on mathematics and science education for the academic years 1999-2003 at the University of Turku

Appointment as a full professor on mathematics and informatics education at the University of Helsinki in 2004

**Activities on Mathematics Education**

Current Research Interests:

The improvement of mathematics teaching in middle schools

• The use of open-ended problems in classroom

• International comparison of teachers’ and pupils’ beliefs about mathematics teaching, teacher change

• PISA results in mathematics

On-going research

Several on-going research projects in mathematics education since 1989, mostly financed by the Academy of Finland

The most recent one is the research enterprise “Understanding in Mathematics” that started 2000 with the small scale project "Development of Mathematical Thinking in School Mathematics", financed by the University of Turku Foundation (7200 euros), followed by “Understanding and Self-Confidence in School Mathematics”, financed 2001-03 (altogether 200’000 euros) by the Academy of Finland, followed by “Elementary Teacher Students’ Mathematics”, financed 2003-06 (altogether 236’000 euros) by the Academy of Finland, and ended with "Development of pupils' understanding of mathematics with the use of open ended problems", financed 2010–13 (altogether 400'000 euros) by the Academy of Finland.

Next I will plan and apply a research grant from the Academy of Finland for a research project “Beyond PISA results in mathematics “.

Scientific working abroad: Several longer visits on abroad with different research grants: Dortmund (Germany) 1984, Friburg (Germany) 1987, Athens, Ga/ USA) 1991.

International conferences (organizer, speaker, etc.):

Organizer of eight conferences in Finland (Helsinki, Lahti, Ivalo) and in Germany (Duisburg) since 1989.

Plenary speaker in eight conferences (Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Greece, Norway) since 1987.

Initiator and leader of several scientific activities (discussion groups, seminars, working groups, workshops).

Organizising member of several scientific bodies (ICME-7, EU-PME, ICME-8, PME, NORMA-98, ICME-9, ICME-10) since 1992.

Reviewer in several international scientific journals:

Reviewing regularly several international journals on mathematics education

Dissertations etc:

Supervisor and/or official opponent of fourteen dissertations in Finland since 1990.

Supervisor and/or official opponent of four dissertations abroad since 1994.

Organizer and leader (with prof. Maija Ahtee) of the Graduate School Program for mathematics and science teachers at the University of Helsinki, since 1995.

Committee memberships etc.:

Member of several administrational bodies (General Board of Education, Finnish Association of Mathematics and Science Education Research, Psychology of Mathematics Education, the International Reviews on Mathematical Education, Finnish Academy) since 1985

Chair of the Finnish Association of Mathematics and Science Education Research 1995–2002; and Secretary of the Finnish Doctoral School for Teachers of Mathematics and Science 1996–2002; Chair of the Finnish Doctoral School for Mathematics and Science education 2003–06

Guest editor for Analyses of the International Reviews on Mathematical Education (= ZDM) in 1991, 1995, 1996, and 1997.

Teaching at university

Lectures on the first and second year mathematics (pure mathematics)

Lectures on mathematics education, including education of computer science

Lectures on pedagogy (statistical methods, methodology, belief research, problem solving)

Graduate School Program for mathematics and science teachers (with prof. Maija Ahtee)

Teacher in-service training:

Plenty of papers in international and national teacher periodicals, and many books for teachers, since 1978; still actively producing papers

Organizer, leader and chief teacher for a variety of teacher in-service courses in Finland with various length (from one to five days), since 1985.

Invited to be the organizer and chief teacher for some teacher in-service courses abroad: in Germany 1994, in Estonia 1995, 1998.

### Fields of Science

- 516 Educational sciences

##
International and National Collaboration
Publications and projects within past five years.

## Publications 2002 2018

## Connections of Primary Teachers’ Actions and Pupils’ Solutions to an Open Problem

Laine, A., Näveri, L., Ahtee, M., Pehkonen, E. & Hannula, M. S., Jun 2018, In : International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education. 16, 5, p. 967-983 17 p.Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review

## Teachers’ influence on the quality of pupils’ written explanations – Third-graders solving a simplified arithmagon task during a mathematics lesson

Laine, A., Ahtee, M., Näveri, L., Pehkonen, E. & Hannula, M. S., 2018, In : LUMAT: International Journal on Math, Science and Technology Education. 6, 1, p. 87-104 18 p.Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review

## Finnish elementary teachers' conceptions on problem solving in mathematics teaching

Pehkonen, E., 2017, In : Matematica e la sua Didattica. 25, 1, p. 13-27 15 p.Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review

## Teachers’ Activities During a Mathematics Lesson as Seen in Third Graders’ Drawings

Ahtee, M., Näveri, L. & Pehkonen, E., 2017,*Teaching and Learning in Maths Classrooms: Emerging Themes in Affect-related Research: Teachers' Beliefs, Students' Engagement and Social Interaction.*Andrà, C., Brunetto, D., Levenson, E. & Liljedahl, P. (eds.). Cham: Springer, p. 49-58 10 p. (Research in Mathematics Education; vol. 5).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Chapter › Scientific › peer-review

## About the history of the ProMath group: The activities of 20 years of cooperation

Graumann, G., Pehkonen, E. & Zimmermann, B., 2016,*Problem Solving in the Mathematics Classroom: Perspectives and Practices from Different Countries.*Kuzle, A., Rott, B. & Hodnik Cadez, T. (eds.). Münster: WTM-Verlag, p. 19-24 6 p. (Ars inveniendi et dejudicandi; vol. 7).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Chapter › Scientific › peer-review

## Projects 2005 2013

## Elementary education teachers' view of mathematics; secondary analysis

Hannula, M., Laine, A. & Pehkonen, E.

01/09/2009 → …

Project: Research project

## The structure and development of view of mathematics

Hannula, M., Pehkonen, E., Laine, A., Tuohilampi, L. & Hytönen, M.

01/08/2009 → …

Project: Research project

## Problem solving as a teaching method in mathematics

Hannula, M., Pehkonen, E., Shmakov, P. & Turunen, P.

01/09/2008 → …

Project: Research project

## On the development of pupils’ and teachers’ mathematical understanding and performance when dealing with open-ended problems

Pehkonen, E., Näveri, L. M., Heinilä, L., Hannula, M., Laine, A. & Ahtee, M.

01/08/2010 → 31/12/2013

Project: Research project

## OECD PISA 2006 Finland

Arinen, P., Hautamäki, A., Hautamäki, J., Lavonen, J., Kupiainen, S., Karjalainen, T., Laaksonen, S., Harjunen, E., Pehkonen, E. & Scheinin, P.

01/01/2005 → 31/12/2008

Project: Research project

## Activities 2012 2014

## Australialaisen väitöskirjan (Melbournen yliopisto) tarkastaminen

Erkki Pehkonen (Participant)Activity: Other activity types › Types for other activities - External teaching and subject coordination

## Ruotsalaisen (Riksbankens jubileumsfond) apurahahakemuksen arviointi

Erkki Pehkonen (Participant)Activity: Other activity types › Types for other activities - External teaching and subject coordination

## Universtity of Halle

Erkki Pehkonen (Visiting researcher)Activity: Visiting an external institution types › Academic visit to other institution

## Arviointi prof. Ngai Ying Wong tieteellisen työn tasosta

Erkki Pehkonen (Participant)Activity: Other activity types › Types for other activities - Other