1979 …2020

Research output per year

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Personal profile

Curriculum vitae

Previous employment

Department of Applied Biology, University of Helsinki, Finland

Visiting Scientist  06.08.2005 – 31.01.2007

School of Applied Sciences, University of Wolverhampton, UK

Professor of Crop Improvement  01.08.2004 – 01.08.2005

Reader  04.01.2001 – 31.07.2004

Plant Breeding Institute, The University of Sydney and the Quality Wheat CRC Ltd, Australia

Senior Research Fellow  01.09.1998 – 01.01.2001

Research Fellow  01.07.1995 – 01.09.1998

Plant Breeding Institute, The University of Sydney, Australia

Research Fellow  01.01.1992 –30.06.1995

Department of Plant Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Australia

Research Fellow  01.05.1988 – 31.12.1991

Research Associate 05.12.1985 – 30.04.1988

Education and training

University of Cambridge and Plant Breeding Institute, Cambridge, UK  1981-1985

PhD, 08.06.1985

Project: Fertilisation in Vicia faba L. in relation to breeding objectives

Scholarships: Imperial Oil (Canada) Graduate Research Fellowship; St. John’s College (Cambridge) Benefactor’s Studentship

University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada 1978-1981

MSc (Biology), 25.05.1981

Scholarship: Centennial Science Scholarship, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada 1974-1978

BSc (First Class Honours in Biology), 1978; University Medal in Science 1978

Description of research and teaching

My research projects focus on legume crops, sustainability and crop quality.

Europe suffers from a huge deficit in plant protein: 70% of its supplementary plant protein needs are imported, mostly soya bean from North and South America, and mostly to feed pigs and chickens. At the same time, its rotations are too narrowly based on the high-yielding small-grain cereals, particularly wheat and barley, so soil-borne diseases may become endemic. Furthermore, European agriculture relies heavily on inputs of nitrogen from fertilizer and, to a lesser extent, manure, with impacts on greenhouse gas releases and nitrate leaching. Many of these difficulties, and others, can be at least partially resolved by increased usage of grain legumes that fix their own nitrogen, provide high-protein seeds for food and feed use, leave at least some nitrogen-rich residue for following crops, and break the cycles of soil-borne diseases of cereals while promoting the growth of beneficial soil micro-organisms. 

Yields of legumes lag behind those of the cereals, as do their stress resistances, largely due to a relative lack of breeding effort for the past 2-3 decades. In order for European legume yields and yield stability to improve, and to withstand the increased stresses expected from climate change, new sources of stress resistance, yield and quality need urgently to be identified for the major grain legume crops. The new traits then need to be transferred into agronomically viable cultivars by developing rapid, omics-supported methods. Hence we have had a successful project using the Focused Identification of Germplasm Strategy, in collaboration with ICARDA, to identify potential sources of drought adaptation in faba bean, and combined this with genetic mapping in collaboration with the University of Reading in order to identify chromosome regions associated with the adaptive traits. PhD candidate Hamid Khazaei ran this project, and current PhD students Kiflemariam Belachew and Abdulrezak Adem are following it up, with an emphasis on responses in the root zone.

Crop quality is also important, and I enjoy working with colleagues in the feed and food sciences, here and abroad, on aspects of grain legume quality. Our cooperation has led to advances in processing of grain legume flours and protein isolates that can enable the production of new foods.

Legume Futures (www.legumefutures.de) was an EU FP7-funded project on legume-supported crop rotations for Europe, their positive and negative environmental impacts, and the ways of developing these systems for greater sustainability. I led Work Package 1, on field trials and case studies. Prof Kristina Lindström of the Faculty of Biological and Envrionmental Sciences was also involved, along with animal and soil scientists. Associated projects include Fabapapuaines and KotiPalko, funded by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of Finland, which also funded an earlier associated project MoniPalko. In this project we have screened a number of foreign cultivars of several grain legume species and have identified some that can become crops in this country. The first of these are the blue lupins Haags Blaue from Saatzucht Steinach in Germany and Sonet from Poznan Plant Breeding in Poland. These projects have led to further spin-off projects that supported the PhD work of Clara Lizarazo and various MSc projects.

My teaching in the department relates to these research themes and I contribute to several courses on agronomy, crop science and crop quality. In addition, I run several of the department's service courses for international and master's-level students, including (together with colleagues) the courses on scientific writing and on experimental design and analysis.

Education/Academic qualification

Plant Breeding, PhD, University of Cambridge

Award Date: 8 Jun 1985

Biology, MSc, University of Ottawa

Award Date: 28 May 1981

Biology, BSc (First Class Honours), Carleton Univ, Carleton University, Dept Biol

Award Date: 29 Jun 1978

Fields of Science

  • 4111 Agronomy
  • Legumes
  • Sustainability
  • Rotations
  • Protein crops
  • Faba bean
  • Lentil
  • Lupin
  • Pea
  • Wheat
  • Crop mixtures
  • 414 Agricultural biotechnology
  • Drought
  • Waterlogging
  • Heat stress
  • Faba bean
  • Genomics
  • Abiotic stress
  • Biotic stress
  • 416 Food Science
  • Starch
  • Crop quality
  • Protein
  • Plant proteins
  • bioactive compounds
  • 415 Other agricultural sciences
  • Plant breeding

International and National Collaboration Publications and projects within past five years.


The EU's dependence on soya bean import for the animal feed industry and potential for EU produced alternatives

de Visser, C., Schreuder, R. & Stoddard, F., 2014, In : Oilseeds and fats, crops and lipids . 21, 4, 8 p., D407.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access

Do faba bean (Vicia faba L.) accessions from environments with contrasting seasonal moisture availabilities differ in stomatal characteristics and related traits?

Khazaei, H., Street, K., Santanen, A., Bari, A. & Stoddard, F., 2013, In : Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 60, 8, p. 2343-2357 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

A baseline study of vicine–convicine levels in faba bean (Vicia faba L.) germplasm

Khamassi, K., Ben Jeddi, F., Hobbs, D., Irigoyen, J., Stoddard, F., O'Sullivan, D. M. & Jones, H., 2013, In : Plant Genetic Resources. 11, 03, p. 250-257 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Content of zinc, iron and their absorption inhibitors in Nicaraguan common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

Meyer, M. R. M., Rojas, A., Santanen, A. & Stoddard, F. L., 2013, In : Food Chemistry. 136, 1, p. 87-93 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Legumes Translated

Lindström, K., Stoddard, F., Sontag-Strohm, T. & Schauman, C.


Project: Research project


Doctorate, Honoris Causa

Stoddard, Fred (Recipient), 19 Dec 2018

Prize: Prizes and awards



EC Directorate General for Agriculture / European Innovation Partnership (External organisation)

Fred Stoddard (Chair)

12 Sep 201328 Feb 2014

Activity: Membership typesMembership or other role in national/international committee, council, board

European Parliament, Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development

Fred Stoddard (Visiting researcher)

25 Apr 2013

Activity: Visiting an external institution typesAcademic visit to other institution

European Society for Agronomy (External organisation)

Fred Stoddard (Board member)

Aug 2012Aug 2014

Activity: Membership typesMembership or other role in national/international committee, council, board

ESA12, the 12th Congress of the European Society for Agronomy

Fred Stoddard (Chair)

20 Aug 201224 Aug 2012

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesOrganisation and participation in conferences, workshops, courses, seminars


Lupin Crops -- 13th International Lupin Conference

Fred Stoddard (Speaker: Presenter)

6 Jun 201110 Jun 2011

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesOrganisation and participation in conferences, workshops, courses, seminars

Press / Media

Domestic legumes for animal feed

Fred Stoddard


1 item of Media coverage

Press/Media: Press / Media

Finnish faba bean for climate-smart agriculture

Fred Stoddard


1 item of Media coverage

Press/Media: Press / Media

Poor yield of faba bean may be due to pests and diseases

Fred Stoddard


1 item of Media coverage

Press/Media: Press / Media

Interview for Landsbygdens Folk

Fred Stoddard


1 Media contribution

Press/Media: Press / Media

Interview for Yle about goose-dog

Fred Stoddard


1 item of Media coverage

Press/Media: Press / Media