Photo of Gabriel Sandu

Gabriel Sandu

Director of the Bachelor programme in philosophy

  • PL 24 (Unioninkatu 40)



1991 …2019
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Personal profile

Description of research and teaching

I am interested in logic and natural language, quantification theory, and various applications of game-theoretical methods to the study of logic (game-theoretical semantics, dialogical games, etc.) In the last 25 years I have developed with several collaborators (initially with Jaakko Hintikka) a logical system called Independence-Friendly Logic (IF logic). I applied it to the study of various natural language phenomena, the expressibility of truth, foundations of  mathematics, but most recently I have been interested in the investigation of various notions of dependence and independence in logic. Most recently I focused on applications of IF logic to various notions of causality, both deterministic and probabilistic in Pearl-Woodward style. I have also published on Early Analytic philosophy (Frege, Russell, Ramsey). 

External positions

Associated member, CNRS/IHPST

2009 → …

Professeur des Universités, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

1 Aug 200731 Jul 2008

Director of research, CNRS/IHPST

1 Oct 200331 Aug 2008

Fields of Science

  • 611 Philosophy
  • logic, foundations of mathematics
  • philosophy of language
  • games and logic

International and National Collaboration Publications and projects within past five years.

Publications 1991 2019

Interventionist counterfactuals on causal teams

Barbero, F. & Sandu, G., 3 Jan 2019, Proceedings CREST 2018. p. 16-30 15 p. (Logic in Computer Science (cs.LO)).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Open Access

Jaakko Hintikka on Knowledge and Game-theoretical Semantics

Sandu, G. (ed.) & van Ditmarsch, H. (ed.), Feb 2018, Springer . 632 p. (Outstanding Contributions to Logic; vol. 12)

Research output: Book/ReportAnthology or special issue

Bivalence and Future Contingency

Sandu, G., Carlo, P. & Rivenc, F., 2018, Introduction to Formal Philosophy. Hansson, S. O. & Hendricks, V. (eds.). Switzeralnd: Springer , p. 333-350 18 p. (Springer Undergraduate Texts in Philosophy).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Team semantics for interventionist counterfactuals and causal dependence

Barbero, F. & Sandu, G., 22 Dec 2017, In : . 64 p., arXiv:1712.08661.

Research output: Contribution to journalOther articlesScientific


Short Overview of the Development of Hintikka’s Work in Logic

Sandu, G., 2018, Jaakko Hintikka on Knowledge and Game-theoretical Semantics: Outstanding contributions to logic. van Ditmarsch, H. & Sandu, G. (eds.). Cham: Springer , p. 1-18 18 p. (Outstanding Contributions to Logic ; vol. 12).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Projects 2015 2019

Activities 2002 2018

Expert for docentship application

Gabriel Sandu (Supervisor)
26 Jun 201826 Aug 2018

Activity: Examination typesMember of doctoral thesis committee / follow-up group


External member of doctoral committee

Gabriel Sandu (Supervisor)
19 Oct 2018

Activity: Examination typesOpponent of doctoral dissertation


Causal and counterfactual dependence on probabilistic causal teams

Gabriel Sandu (Speaker)
14 Apr 2018

Activity: Talk or presentation typesOral presentation

A logical framework for expressing functional, counterfactual, probabilistic, and causal dependencies

Gabriel Sandu (Invited speaker)
15 Jun 2018

Activity: Talk or presentation typesInvited talk

GaLop 2018

Gabriel Sandu (Speaker: Chair), Ugo dal lago (Speaker: Chair)
14 Apr 201815 Apr 2018

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesOrganisation and participation in conferences, workshops, courses, seminars