Photo of Kaarlo Tuori

Kaarlo Tuori

1969 …2022
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Personal profile

Description of research and teaching

In general jurisprudence, my main works are Critical Legal Positivism (Ashgate 2002) and Ratio and Voluntas (Ashgate 2011). In Critical Legal Positivism I try to develop a view of modern law, based on two distinctions: a distinction between law as a symbolic-normative phenomenon (a legal order) and law as legal practices, and a distinction within the legal order between its surface level and its sub-surface, legal cultural layers.

Ratio and Voluntas is elaborates further the view of modern law articulated Critical Legal Positivism. Now this view has been detached from its nation-state moorings. I examine the various guises the tension between ratio and voluntas has adopted in the course of legal modernisation and in the development of modern law. I also explore the role of legal scholarship in accomplishing the tasks of ratio as well as the way the ratio’s tension with voluntas is manifested in constitutional law.

Since mid-2000s, my research has focused on theoretical issues of European law and constitution. Within the Centre of Excellence in Research on the Foundations of European Law and Polity (2008-2013), I developed an approach termed the many constitutions of Europe (see Tuori, Kaarlo – Sankari, Suvi (eds.): The Many Constitutions of Europe. Ashgate  2010). The basic idea is to examine the European constitution as a differentiated process of constitutionalisation (see the introductory essay in Tuori – Sankari 2010). After the end of the CoE, I continued my research within my chair as Academy Professor.

After publishing texts on various dimensions of the European constitution (see, e.g., Tuori, Kaarlo – Tuori, Klaus: The Eurozone Crisis: A Constitutional Analysis, CUP 2014), I composed   a synthesis of my recent research on European constitutionalism (European Constitutionalism, CUP 2015). I also tried to insert European constitutionalism in the more general framework of transnational law (see my chapter in Maduro, Miguel – Tuori, Kaarlo – Sankari, Suvi: Transnational Law: Rethinking European Law and Legal Thinking, CUP 2014, forthcoming).

After completing my foray to European law, I have returned to legal theory. My intention is to enrich my general view of law with the lessons I have learned during my foray to European law and constitutionalism. My aim is to publish a monograph in legal theory in 2018. The tentative title is The Kaleidoscope of Law.

Fields of Science

  • 513 Law

International and National Collaboration Publications and projects within past five years.

Publications 1969 2019

A social constitution of Europe?

Tuori, K., Dec 2019, The relational Nordic Welfare State. Hänninen, S., Lehtelä, K-M. & Saikkonen, P. (eds.). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, p. 138-160 23 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

EU and member state constitutionalism: complementing and conflicting

Tuori, K., 2019, The Future of Europe: Political and Legal Integration beyond Brexit. Engelbrekt, A. B. & Groussot, X. (eds.). London: Hart publishing, p. 277-286 10 p. (Swedish Studies in European Law; vol. 13).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

European constitutionalism

Tuori, K., 2019, The Cambridge Companion to Comparative Constitutional Law. Masterman, R. & Schütze, R. (eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 521-553 33 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Excluding Inclusion

Tuori, K., 2019, In : Jus Cogens. 1, 1, p. 1-12 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access

Five Theses on the Dialectic of Unity and Plurality in Postnational Law

Tuori, K., 2019, Transnationalisation and Legal Actors: Legitimacy in Question. Kristiansen, B. L., Mitkidis, K., Munkholm, L., Neumann, L. & Pelaudeix, C. (eds.). London and New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, p. 1-17 17 p. 2. (Globalisation: Law and Policy).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Projects 2007 2022

Activities 1995 2018

A comment on Hans Lindahl's "Authority and the Globalisation of Inclusion and Exclusion" (Cambridge University Press 2018)

Hanna Lukkari (Invited speaker), Kaarlo Tuori (Invited speaker), Panu Minkkinen (Speaker), Hans Lindahl (Keynote speaker)
12 Mar 2018

Activity: Talk or presentation typesOral presentation

Väitöskirjan esitarkastaja

Kaarlo Tuori (Pre-examiner)
2014

Activity: Examination typesPre-examiner of doctoral thesis

European Law Journal (Journal)

Kaarlo Tuori (Reviewer)
10 Mar 201427 Sep 2014

Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and the Weak Social Constitution?

Kaarlo Tuori (Speaker: Presenter)
5 Dec 2014

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesOrganisation and participation in conferences, workshops, courses, seminars

Korkeimpien oikeuksien tuomareiden yhdistyksen (KOTY) vuosikokous

Kaarlo Tuori (Speaker: Keynote)
20 Nov 2014

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesOrganisation and participation in conferences, workshops, courses, seminars

Press / Media

Lukuisia lehtihaastatteluja

Kaarlo Tuori

01/01/2011

1 media contribution

Press/Media: Press / Media

Lukuisia televisiohaastatteluja

Kaarlo Tuori

01/01/2011

1 media contribution

Press/Media: Press / Media

Lukuisia radiohaastatteluja

Kaarlo Tuori

01/01/2011

1 media contribution

Press/Media: Press / Media

Helsingin Sanomat, interviews

Kaarlo Tuori

01/01/2010

1 media contribution

Press/Media: Press / Media

Lopen kunnan itsenäisyyspäiväjuhla

Kaarlo Tuori

06/12/2005

1 media contribution

Press/Media: Press / Media