Raimo Lahti

1967 …2020

Research output per year

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Personal profile

Curriculum vitae

1. Personal information and education

– Full name: Raimo Otto Kalervo Lahti

- Tel.: +358400716668

– Born in Jyväskylä rural commune (Finland), January 12, 1946.

– Master of Laws 1966, Licentiate of Laws 1967, Doctor of Laws [On the Waiving of Measures in the System of Criminal Sanctions] 1974, Master of Social Sciences (Sociology) 1971; all degrees at the University of Helsinki.

– Trained on the bench (Circuit Court Clerk and Deputy Circuit Judge), 1970–1971.


2. Full-time posts and academic positions

– Professor of Criminal Law, University of Helsinki, Faculty of Law, 1979–2014, Professor Emeritus since July 1, 2014.

– Responsible Part-time Teacher in Medical Law and Biolaw, University of Helsinki, Faculty of Law, 1997–2011.

– Visiting Scholar (Research Professor), Law School of the University of Wisconsin-Madison (USA), 1983; Law School of the University of Kansai, Osaka (Japan), 2014.

– Acting Professor and Professor in Criminal Law, University of Turku, 1974–1979.

– Acting Legislative Counselor, Ministry of Justice, 1970.

– Researcher in Criminal Sciences, Academy of Finland, 1970–1973.

– Assistant in Criminal Law, University of Helsinki, 1967–1970; Research Assistant in Administrative Law, University of Helsinki, 1966.


3. Principal official tasks and activities

– Elected as ad litem Judge to the International Criminal Court for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) by the United Nations General Assembly, 2005–2009.

– Member of the High Court of Impeachment, 1994–2000.

– Member of the Task Force on the Finnish Criminal Code Reform, Ministry of Justice, 1980–1999, individual expert tasks since 2000.

– Permanent Expert for the National Board of Health, 1970–1991; Permanent Expert for the National Authority of Medico-legal Affairs, 1992–2008; Chairman of the Commission on the Legal Safeguards in Health Care, appointed by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, 1980–1982; Secretary of the Committee on the Reform of Abortion, Sterilization and Castration Legislation, appointed by the Council of State, 1967–1968.

– Over 100 expert statements on Government Proposals for Parliamentary Committees, since 1969.


4.Tasks in scientific administration

– Member of the National Advisory Board in Health Care Ethics, 1998–2002.

– Member of the Research Council for Culture and Research, Academy of Finland, 1995–1997.

– Member of the International Advisory Board of the European Institute of Criminal Prevention and Control, affiliated with the United Nations (HEUNI), 1993–2012.

– Member of the Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology, 1983–2000.


5. Directorship of research projects and partnership in transnational research projects

– Director of following research projects financed by extra-budgetary funding specified below (in these projects one or more doctoral candidates or other co-researchers have been involved):

a) Legal and ethical issues of the personalized medicine to predict and prevent Type 1 Diabetes, 2015–2019 (Academy of Finland);

b) Criminalizing cartels in Finland, 2013–2014 (Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority);

c) Re-use of the data of social sciences and humanities, 2012–2014 (Kone Foundation);

d) Scientific research and law, 2009–2011 (Academy of Finland);

e) Theoretical foundations of biolaw, especially the legal dimensions of the research on human embryos and stem cell, 2005–2008 (Academy of Finland);

f) Pluralism in criminal law, 2004–2005 (Academy of Finland);

g) Economic criminal law, 2001–2009 (Ministry of Interior);

h) Biomedicine and law, 1998–2000 (Academy of Finland);

i) Status and rights of patients, 1995–1997 (Research Fund of the University of Helsinki);

j) Theoretical foundations of criminal law, 1987–1989 (Research Fund of the University of Helsinki);

k) Medical law, 1982–1991 (National Board of Health);

l) Military criminal justice, 1982–1984 (Defence Command).

– Partner in following recent transnational research projects:

a) Liability of Company Directors in a Comparative EU Criminal Justice Context, 2017–2018 (Financed by the European Commission under Hercule III Programme and implemented by Université de Luxembourg, Faculté de Droit, d’Economie et de Finance);

b) Transposition measures of Member States in Relation to the Pharmaceutical Legislation (Article 118a of Directive 2001/83/EC) Concerning Falsified Medicines, 2017 (Commissioned by the European Commission Directorate-General for Health and Consumers (DG Santé) and implemented by the University of Osnabrück, Zentrum für Europäische und internationale Strafrechtsstudien (ZEIS), and empirica Communication & Technology Research, Bonn, Germany);

c) Victims and Restorative Justice, 2011–2012 (Co-financed by the European Commission under Grant JUST/2009/JPEN/AG/0628 and implemented by the European Forum for Restorative Justice);

d) Rethinking International Cooperation in Criminal Matters in the EU and The Disqualification Triad, 2011–2012 (Financed by the European Commission under Contracts JLS/2009/JPEN/PR/0028/E4 and JUST/2010/JPEN/PR/0010/E4 and implemented by the Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy, University of Ghent).


6. Supervision of doctoral theses and other postgraduate activity

– Supervisor of 29 finalized doctoral theses (12 of them during 2006–2017); supervisor of over 10 doctoral theses in progress.

– Responsible organizer of vocational and advanced training to judiciary, prosecution and advocates of the district of Helsinki Appeal Court, appointed by the Faculty of Law, since 2003.


7. Scientific production and its characteristics

– Over 400 publications and other writings mostly in the fields of criminal sciences and/or in medical law and biolaw; over 90 of these written in foreign (English, German or French) languages.

– Characteristics or priorities of the research and teaching activity:  multidisciplinary and international orientation to legal studies; keen interaction between legal studies and other fields of scientific research; normative aspects in legal studies and legal argumentation shall be complemented by moral (ethical) and political approaches; interdependency of theory and practice in legal studies.


8. Main editorial tasks

– Advisory Editor of the Book Series of Comparative, European and International Criminal Justice (Springer), since 2017.

– Editor-in-chief of the leading Finnish legal journal "Lakimies", 1991–1999.

– Member of the Editorial Board of the Scandinavian Studies in Criminology, 1985–1996

– Member of the Editorial Board of the Medicine and Law Journal, 1979–2005.


9. Tasks in non-governmental international and national organizations

– Member of the Board of Directors of the International Association of Penal Law (AIDP), since 1978, and Vice-President of the AIDP, since 1994; Chairman of the Finnish Section of the AIDP, since 1987.

– Member of the Board of Directors of the International Society of Social Defense and Humane Criminal Policy (SiDS), since 2010.

– Member of the Board of the International Society for the Reform of Criminal Law (ISRCL), 1995–2010.

– Chairman of the Finnish Association for European Criminal Law, since 1995.

– Chairman of the Finnish Section of the International Commission of Jurists, 1985–1989.

– Has been Chairman or Member of the Board in numerous Finnish scientific organizations.


10. Main honours and awards

– Medal "SL K": Knight Commander of the Order of the Lion in Finland, bestowed by the President of the Republic on December 6, 2005.

– Medal "SVR R I": Knight I of the Order of the White Rose in Finland, bestowed by the President of the Republic on December 6, 1995.

– Medal "XXX" (for the 30 years' career as a civil servant), bestowed by the President of the Republic of Finland on December 1, 2000.

– Fellowship in the Finnish Academy of Science and Letters, awarded on April 9, 1984.

– Festschrift in Honour of Raimo Lahti. Edited by Kimmo Nuotio. Forum Iuris, University of Helsinki, Helsinki 2007. VIII + 374 p.

– Writings in criminal sciences in honour of Raimo Lahti on his 60th birthday, January 12, 2006 [in Finnish]: "Rikosoikeudellisia kirjoituksia VIII Raimo Lahdelle 12.1.2006 omistettu." Publications of the Finnish Lawyers' Association, Series A, No. 268. Helsinki 2006. XII + 559 p. (Bibliography of Raimo Lahti, ibid. p. 541-559.)

– "Ombudsman’s Statuette" for the lifetime merits in furthering the respect for the rule of law and human and fundamental rights, bestowed by the Parliamentary Ombudsman, January 16, 2016.

Fields of Science

  • 513 Law
  • Criminal law and other criminal sciences
  • Medical law and biolaw

International and National Collaboration Publications and projects within past five years.


Commentary on the Judgement and Sentence Prosecutor v. Munyakazi, Case No. ICTR-97-36-A, 28 September 2011.

Lahti, R. O. K., 2018, Annotated Leading Cases of International Tribunals: The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda 2010-2012. Klip, A. & Freeland, S. (eds.). Cambridge: Intersentia, Vol. 53. p. 401-405 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Utvecklingslinjer i den finländska straffrättsvetenskapen från 1970-talet till 2010-talet

Lahti, R. O. K., 2017, In : Tidskrift utgiven av Juridiska föreningen i Finland. 153, 2-4, p. 529-546 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access

Über die strafrechtliche Verantwortung der juristischen Person und die Organ- und Vertreterhaftung in Finnland

Lahti, R. O. K., 2017, Rechtsstaatliches Strafen: Festschrift für Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c.mult. Keiichi Yamanaka zum 70. Geburtstag am 16. März 2017. Joerden, J. C. & Schmoller, K. (eds.). Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, p. 131-152 22 p. (Schriften zum Strafrecht; no. 307).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Open Access

Towards a principled European criminal policy: Some lessons from the Nordic countries

Lahti, R., 2017, EU Criminal Law and Policy: Values, Principles and Methods. Banach-Gutierrez, J. B. & Harding, C. (eds.). London : Routledge, p. 56-69 14 p. (Routledge Research in EU Law).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Open Access


European and international criminal law

Lahti, R.

01/01/2011 → …

Project: Research project

Criminalizing cartels in Finland

Lahti, R. & Hiltunen, V.


Project: Research project

Selvitys kartellien kriminalisoinnista Suomessa

Lahti, R. & Hiltunen, V.


Project: Research project

Re-use of the data of social sciences and humanities

Lahti, R. & Ketola, A.


Project: Research project


19th International Congress of Penal Law: Information Society and Criminal Justice

Raimo Lahti (Speaker: Chair)
31 Aug 20146 Sep 2014

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesOrganisation and participation in conferences, workshops, courses, seminars

Kansai University, Japan

Raimo Lahti (Visiting researcher)
2 Apr 201423 Apr 2014

Activity: Visiting an external institution typesAcademic visit to other institution

Asiantuntijalausunto eduskunnan lakivaliokunnalle hallituksen esityksestä 216/2014 vp laiksi rikoslain muuttamisesta

Raimo Lahti (Participant)
12 Mar 2014

Activity: Other activity typesTypes for other activities - Other