Researchers have evidenced that there is a global overlap in the geographic distribution of biological and cultural diversity, with both forms of diversity facing numerous urgent challenges. In response to this, several intergovernmental policy instruments are currently promoting the need for integrated biocultural approaches to conservation, aimed at tackling together biological and cultural diversity losses, particularly in areas inhabited by indigenous peoples. Yet, we still lack fundamental understanding on the factors that contribute to the maintenance or loss of both forms of diversity. Securing indigenous land tenure has been recurrently cited as a means to ensure biocultural conservation, but the conservation effectiveness of indigenous lands remains largely unassessed. Focusing on Amazonia, one of the global hotspots of biological and cultural diversity, I aim to examine the effectiveness of biocultural conservation in buffering biological and cultural diversity losses. Cutting-edge geospatial analysis and state-of-the-art matching methods will be applied to explore current patterns of biological and cultural diversity in Amazonia, focusing on the potential role of indigenous lands as biocultural conservation assets. With the conservation schedule becoming tighter (e.g., Aichi Targets, Sustainable Development Goals), there is pressing need to know if biocultural approaches are a viable conservation strategy.
|Effective start/end date||01/02/2017 → 31/01/2019|