Genetic diversity, conservation and utilization of plant genetic resources

  • Poczai, Péter (PI)
  • Amiryousefi, Ali (Participant)
  • Cseh, Andras (PI)
  • Karsai, Ildikó (PI)
  • Balla, Krisztina (Participant)
  • Kiss, Tibor (Participant)
  • Bányai, Judit (Participant)
  • Illés, Klára (Participant)

Project Details

Description

The project is linking to Marie Curie Actions "Exploiting the legacy of Central European wheat landraces for improving the ecological adaptation ability of wheat" by Dr András Cseh and Dr Ildikó Karsai
Project ID: H2020-MSCA-IF-2016-752453
http://mgi.agrar.mta.hu/en/project_H2020-MSCA-IF-2016-752453

Biodiversity refers to variation within the living world, while genetic diversity represents the heritable variation within and between populations of organisms, and in the context of this paper, among plant species. This pool of genetic variation within an inter-mating population is the basis for selection as well as for plant improvement. Thus, conservation of this plant genetic diversity is essential for present and future human well-being. During recent years, there has been increasing awareness of the importance of adopting a holistic view of biodiversity, including agricultural biodiversity, conservation for sustainable utilization and development. These principles have been enshrined in the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Global Plan of Action of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The emphasis is now to understand the distribution and extent of genetic diversity available to humans in plant species, so that the genetic diversity can be safely conserved and efficiently used. It is generally recognized that plant genetic diversity changes in time and space. The extent and distribution of genetic diversity in a plant species depends on its evolution and breeding system, ecological and geographical factors, past bottlenecks, and often by many human factors. Much of the large amount of diversity of a species may be found within individual populations, or partitioned among a number of different populations.A better understanding of genetic diversity and its distribution is essential for its conservation and use. It will help us in determining what to conserve as well as where to conserve, and will improve our understanding of the taxonomy and origin and evolution of plant species of interest. Knowledge of both these topics is essential for collecting and use of any plant species and its wild relatives. In order to mange conserved germplasm better, there is also a need to understand the genetic diversity that is present in collections. This will help us to rationalize collections and develop and adopt better protocols for regeneration of germplasm seed. Through improved characterization and development of core collections based on genetic diversity information, it will be possible to exploit the available resources in more valuable ways.
Short titlePlant Genetic Diversity
AcronymPLAGE
StatusActive
Effective start/end date01/09/201731/12/2022

Research Output

Genetic structure and marker-trait associations in parental lines of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)

Zeinakzadeh-Tabrizi, H., Hosseinpour, A., Ghaffari, M., Haliloglu, K., Pour-Aboughadareh, A. & Poczai, P., 2020, (Submitted) In : Euphytica.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Investigation of the protective roles of zinc oxide nanoparticles and plant growth promoting bacteria on DNA damage and methylation in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) under salinity stress

Haliloglu, K., Hosseinpour, A., Cinisli, K. T., Ozturk, H. I., Ozkan, G., Pour-Aboughadareh, A. & Poczai, P., 2020, (Submitted) In : Horticulture environment and biotechnology.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Effect of water deficit stress on seedling biomass and physio-chemical characteristics in different species of wheat possessing the D genome.

Pour-Aboughadareh, A., Omidi, M., Naghavi, M. R., Etminan, A., Mehrabi, A. A., Poczai, P. & Bayat, H., Sep 2019, In : Agronomy. 9, 9, 20 p., 522.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access
File

Activities

  • 4 Organisation and participation in conferences, workshops, courses, seminars
  • 1 Opponent of doctoral dissertation
  • 1 Invited talk

A study of diversity of the Indonesian Terong

Péter Poczai (Opponent)

1 Oct 2019

Activity: Examination typesOpponent of doctoral dissertation

SCIENTIFIC REVIEW GROUP ON TRADE IN WILD FAUNA AND FLORA

Péter Poczai (Attendee)

11 Feb 2019

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesOrganisation and participation in conferences, workshops, courses, seminars

CITES CoP18

Péter Poczai (Attendee)

23 May 20193 Jun 2019

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesOrganisation and participation in conferences, workshops, courses, seminars

Press / Media

Workshop on the Amazonian and Climate Change

Péter Poczai

27/10/2019

1 item of Media coverage

Press/Media: Press / Media