The crusade period between 1095/1099 and 1291 marks an important break in European history. It is still part of collective memories and moreover forms present images of the Middle Ages. But how were the crusades to the East seen in the late medieval times themselves, in the time of the emerging European nation states, of an increasing cultural encounter and of an increasing ability of reading and writing?
The interdisciplinary project explores the so far less examined cultural memory of the crusades in the 14th and 15th centuries. It examines the function of crusader narratives in Latin and vernacular sources from different European countries. In interpreting them as narratives that not only document, but restructure and form the past, the projects analyses how images of the crusades were adapted and used for different purposes. The comparative analysis will result in a monograph and contribute to current academic debates on the forming and altering of cultural memories in the society.
cultural memory, concepts of the past, Crusades, Holy Land, Jerusalem, pilgrimage, 14th-15th century, historiographical writing, chronicles, pilgrimage accounts, maps, places of remembering