The study of intermediality and Post-war modernism, a subject of some interest in the earlier research, is, in its expanded form, the primary object of my research. My material consists of the works by Sinikka Kallio-Visapää, Lassi Nummi, and Eeva-Liisa Manner, and some works by Aila Meriluoto and Eila Kivikk’aho. Finnish modernism has many connections to the international modernist movement, and it should be seen as a part of it in its own right. By bringing international stimuli into my investigation of works by Finnish modernist’s works – some of which have not yet been subjected to a proper literary analysis – I will investigate the analogous solutions to the question of intermediality between literary structures of modernist Finnish literature and the corresponding forms in Anglo-American and European modernists’ works. My reading of the reception of international modernism in the Finnish cultural life will give my investigation of literary works an added contextual dimension.
After the historical contextualisation, I concentrate on the intermedial poetics in the literary works. Werner Wolf’s study (1999) provides a theory and a typology of musico-literary intermediality. In my study, indirect musico-literary intermediality is a major object of research. The other intermediary relations with literature (painting, graphic art, sculpture, music, and dance) can also be analysed with Wolf’s typology of indirect intermediality. In relation to each of the writers I examine, I ask in what multiple ways the formal elements, be it in the form of musicalised, image-like, and three-dimensional sculptural elements, can structure texts. Intermediality combines fruitfully with many other interesting objects of literary research: intertextuality, literary figures (especially metamorphosis), poetics of lyric poetry, and metric analysis of poems.