5-aminolaevulinic acid nanoemulsion is more effective than methyl-5-aminolaevulinate in daylight photodynamic therapy for actinic keratosis: a nonsponsored randomized double-blind multicentre trial

J. E. Räsänen, N. Neittaanmäki, L. Ylitalo, J. Hagman, P. Rissanen, L. Ylianttila, M. Salmivuori, E. Snellman, M. Grönroos

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Background Daylight photodynamic therapy (DL-PDT) with methyl-5-aminolaevulinate (MAL) is an effective treatment for mild and moderate actinic keratosis (AK). Objectives To assess the clinical efficacy, tolerability and cost-effectiveness of 5-aminolaevulinic acid nanoemulsion (BF-200 ALA) compared with MAL in DL-PDT for grade I-II AKs. Methods This nonsponsored, prospective randomized double-blind multicentre trial included 69 patients with 767 grade I-II AKs located symmetrically on the face or scalp. A single DL-PDT was given in a randomized split-face design. The primary outcome was clearance of the AKs at 12 months as assessed by a blinded observer. The secondary outcomes were pain, treatment reactions, cosmetic outcome and the cost-effectiveness of the therapy. Results In the per-patient (half-face) analysis, clearance was better for the BF-200 ALA sides than for those treated with MAL (P = 0 center dot 008). In total, BF-200 ALA cleared 299/375 AKs (79 center dot 7%) and MAL 288/392 (73 center dot 5%) (P = 0 center dot 041). The treatment was practically painless with both photosensitizers, the mean pain visual analogue scale being 1 center dot 51 for BF-200 ALA and 1 center dot 35 for MAL (P = 0 center dot 061). Twenty-six patients had a stronger skin reaction on the BF-200 ALA side, seven on the MAL side and 23 displayed no difference (P = 0 center dot 001). The cosmetic outcome was excellent or good in > 90% of cases with both photosensitizers (P = 1 center dot 000). The cost-effectiveness plane showed that the costs of DL-PDT were similar for both photosensitizers, but the effectiveness was slightly higher for BF-200 ALA. Conclusions Our results indicate that BF-200 ALA is more effective than MAL in DL-PDT for grade I-II AKs. BF-200 ALA provides slightly better value for money than MAL.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Dermatology
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)265-274
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
  • FACE

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