A botanical view of the ‘Baltic amber forest’: new evidence from seed plants, lichens and fungi

Alexander Schmidt, Eva-Maria Sadowski, Ulla Kaasalainen, Jouko Kalevi Rikkinen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Baltic amber forms the largest amber deposit on earth and it is particularly well-known for the plethora of arthropod inclusions. The floristic composition, habitat types and climate of its Eocene source area, however, are still controversial. The differing suggestions range from early Eocene tropical to late Eocene temperate environments, and from lowland to montane forests. We screened a large number of inclusions from historic collections and from recently discovered amber pieces and found many inclusions of seed plants, lichens and microfungi that provide important insights into habitat structure and climate.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBaltic amber (succinite): an intriguing resin : Bursztyn bałtycki (sukcynit): intrygująca żywica
EditorsEwa Ewa Wagner-Wysiecka
Number of pages5
Place of PublicationGdańsk
PublisherThe Gdańsk International Fair Co. (MTG SA), Gdańsk SA
Publication date22 Mar 2019
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2019
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
EventAmberif 2019 - Gdańsk, Poland
Duration: 22 Mar 201922 Mar 2019
Conference number: 26th

Fields of Science

  • 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology

Cite this

Schmidt, A., Sadowski, E-M., Kaasalainen, U., & Rikkinen, J. K. (2019). A botanical view of the ‘Baltic amber forest’: new evidence from seed plants, lichens and fungi. In E. Ewa Wagner-Wysiecka (Ed.), Baltic amber (succinite): an intriguing resin: Bursztyn bałtycki (sukcynit): intrygująca żywica (pp. 5-9). Gdańsk: The Gdańsk International Fair Co. (MTG SA), Gdańsk SA.