A Longitudinal Study of Maternal Postnatal Bonding and Psychosocial Factors that Contribute to Social-Emotional Development

Erja Rusanen, Anja Riitta Lahikainen, Elina Vierikko, Pirjo Pölkki, Juulia Paavonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

In this longitudinal study, we examined how maternal bonding and psycho-social factors are associated with social-emotional problems in two-year-old children. Our data came from a birth cohort from which data were collected at four timepoints: prenatally during the third trimester, and postnatally at 3, 8 and 24 months. The participants were 1,667 mothers, of which 943 (56.6%) returned the questionnaire at each timepoint of the longitudinal study. The Children's social-emotional problems were examined using the Brief Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment. According to linear regression analysis, maternal bonding difficulties at three and eight months, maternal expectations of the unborn baby during pregnancy, and maternal relationships within and outside the family were related to social-emotional problems in children of two years of age. The results highlight the importance of screening mothers who already prenatally have bonding problems or mothers who have bonding problems postnatally to provide effective and targeted intervention support.

Original languageEnglish
JournalChild Psychiatry and Human Development
Volume55
Pages (from-to)274-286
Number of pages13
ISSN0009-398X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
EventESCAO 2922 - Maastricht, Netherlands
Duration: 19 Jun 202221 Jun 2022

Fields of Science

  • ADULT ATTACHMENT
  • BEHAVIORAL-PROBLEMS
  • CHILD-DEVELOPMENT
  • Depression
  • IMPACT
  • INFANT TEMPERAMENT
  • Maternal relationships
  • PARENTING STRESS
  • PERINATAL DEPRESSION
  • POSTPARTUM
  • PREDICTORS
  • Perinatal bonding
  • QUESTIONNAIRE
  • Social-emotional development
  • Stress
  • 3124 Neurology and psychiatry
  • 515 Psychology

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