A luciferase-based screening method for inhibitors of alphavirus replication applied to nucleoside analogues

Leena Pohjala, Vladimir Barai, Alex Azhayev, Seppo Lapinjoki, Tero Ahola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Several members of the widespread alphavirus group are pathogenic, but no therapy is available to treat these RNA virus infections. We report here a quantitative assay to screen for inhibitors of Semliki Forest virus (SFV) replication, and demonstrate the effects of 29 nucleosides on SFV and Sindbis virus replication. The anti-SFV assay developed is based on a SFV strain containing Renilla luciferase inserted after the nsP3 coding region, yielding a marker virus in which the luciferase is cleaved out during polyprotein processing. The reporter-gene assay was miniaturized, automated and validated, resulting in a Z' value of 0.52. [H-3]uridine labeling for 1 h at the maximal viral RNA synthesis time point was used as a comparative method. Anti-SFV screening and counter-screening for cell viability led to the discovery of several new SFV inhibitors. 3'-Amino-3'-deoxyadenosine was the most potent inhibitor in this set, with an IC50 value of 18 mu M in the reporter-gene assay and 2 mu M in RNA synthesis rate detection. Besides the 3'-substituted analogues, certain N-6-substituted nucleosides had similar IC50 values for both SFV and Sindbis replication, suggesting the applicability of this methodology to alphaviruses in general. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAntiviral Research
Volume78
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)215-222
Number of pages8
ISSN0166-3542
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Cite this

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title = "A luciferase-based screening method for inhibitors of alphavirus replication applied to nucleoside analogues",
abstract = "Several members of the widespread alphavirus group are pathogenic, but no therapy is available to treat these RNA virus infections. We report here a quantitative assay to screen for inhibitors of Semliki Forest virus (SFV) replication, and demonstrate the effects of 29 nucleosides on SFV and Sindbis virus replication. The anti-SFV assay developed is based on a SFV strain containing Renilla luciferase inserted after the nsP3 coding region, yielding a marker virus in which the luciferase is cleaved out during polyprotein processing. The reporter-gene assay was miniaturized, automated and validated, resulting in a Z' value of 0.52. [H-3]uridine labeling for 1 h at the maximal viral RNA synthesis time point was used as a comparative method. Anti-SFV screening and counter-screening for cell viability led to the discovery of several new SFV inhibitors. 3'-Amino-3'-deoxyadenosine was the most potent inhibitor in this set, with an IC50 value of 18 mu M in the reporter-gene assay and 2 mu M in RNA synthesis rate detection. Besides the 3'-substituted analogues, certain N-6-substituted nucleosides had similar IC50 values for both SFV and Sindbis replication, suggesting the applicability of this methodology to alphaviruses in general. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
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A luciferase-based screening method for inhibitors of alphavirus replication applied to nucleoside analogues. / Pohjala, Leena; Barai, Vladimir; Azhayev, Alex; Lapinjoki, Seppo; Ahola, Tero.

In: Antiviral Research, Vol. 78, No. 3, 2008, p. 215-222.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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AU - Ahola, Tero

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N2 - Several members of the widespread alphavirus group are pathogenic, but no therapy is available to treat these RNA virus infections. We report here a quantitative assay to screen for inhibitors of Semliki Forest virus (SFV) replication, and demonstrate the effects of 29 nucleosides on SFV and Sindbis virus replication. The anti-SFV assay developed is based on a SFV strain containing Renilla luciferase inserted after the nsP3 coding region, yielding a marker virus in which the luciferase is cleaved out during polyprotein processing. The reporter-gene assay was miniaturized, automated and validated, resulting in a Z' value of 0.52. [H-3]uridine labeling for 1 h at the maximal viral RNA synthesis time point was used as a comparative method. Anti-SFV screening and counter-screening for cell viability led to the discovery of several new SFV inhibitors. 3'-Amino-3'-deoxyadenosine was the most potent inhibitor in this set, with an IC50 value of 18 mu M in the reporter-gene assay and 2 mu M in RNA synthesis rate detection. Besides the 3'-substituted analogues, certain N-6-substituted nucleosides had similar IC50 values for both SFV and Sindbis replication, suggesting the applicability of this methodology to alphaviruses in general. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - Several members of the widespread alphavirus group are pathogenic, but no therapy is available to treat these RNA virus infections. We report here a quantitative assay to screen for inhibitors of Semliki Forest virus (SFV) replication, and demonstrate the effects of 29 nucleosides on SFV and Sindbis virus replication. The anti-SFV assay developed is based on a SFV strain containing Renilla luciferase inserted after the nsP3 coding region, yielding a marker virus in which the luciferase is cleaved out during polyprotein processing. The reporter-gene assay was miniaturized, automated and validated, resulting in a Z' value of 0.52. [H-3]uridine labeling for 1 h at the maximal viral RNA synthesis time point was used as a comparative method. Anti-SFV screening and counter-screening for cell viability led to the discovery of several new SFV inhibitors. 3'-Amino-3'-deoxyadenosine was the most potent inhibitor in this set, with an IC50 value of 18 mu M in the reporter-gene assay and 2 mu M in RNA synthesis rate detection. Besides the 3'-substituted analogues, certain N-6-substituted nucleosides had similar IC50 values for both SFV and Sindbis replication, suggesting the applicability of this methodology to alphaviruses in general. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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