A national approach to medicines information research: a systematic review

Niina Marjukka Mononen, Riina Järvinen, Katri Hämeen-Anttila, Marja Sisko Anneli Airaksinen, Charlotte Bonhomme, Jenni Kleme, Marika Pohjanoksa-Mäntylä

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Background: The Finnish Medicines Agency Fimea published the first National Medicines Information (MI) strategy in 2012. For the purpose of implementing the MI strategy into practice by the national MI Network, a comprehensive inventory of MI research in Finland was needed.

Objective: To systematically review literature on MI research conducted in Finland by analyzing and classifying the studies, and identifying the gaps in MI research.

Methods: Medline, Scopus and Medic databases were searched for peer-reviewed MI publications by using key word screening criteria. The search and extraction process followed PRISMA Guidelines and covered the period from January 2000 to June 2016. Included studies were content analyzed according to MI practices identified, trends over time in research methodology and theory.

Results: Included publications (n = 126) applied a variety of research methods, most often cross-sectional surveys (n = 51, 40% of all studies), but more than half of the studies were qualitative (n = 68, 54%). Twelve were intervention studies of which 6 were randomized and had a control group. Studies were categorized into: patient counseling in different settings (n = 45); MI sources and needs of medicine users (n = 25); healthcare professionals' (HCPs) competence in patient counseling and pharmacotherapy (n = 25); MI sources and needs of HCPs (n = 23); MI education and literacy (n = 13); and MI policies and strategies (n = 3). Most of the studies were descriptive, and only 6 studies applied a theory.

Conclusions: Regardless of some methodological pitfalls, MI research conducted in Finland since 2000 provides multifaceted understanding of MI practices and their development needs. Research should shift towards larger research lines having a stronger theory base and study designs to deepen the understanding of MI practices and behaviors, and effectiveness of MI in different healthcare settings. Future research should cover also the use of electronic MI sources and services which apply modern information technology to clinical decision making and medication reviews, national MI policy, MI literacy, MI needs of HCPs and consumers.
Original languageEnglish
JournalResearch in Social and Administrative Pharmacy
Volume14
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)1106-1124
Number of pages19
ISSN1551-7411
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • Medicines information
  • Patient counseling
  • Medicines education
  • Research methodology
  • Systematic review
  • Finland
  • FINNISH COMMUNITY PHARMACIES
  • ARTHRITIS PATIENTS EDUCATION
  • HEALTH NURSE STUDENTS
  • INTERNET-BASED SURVEY
  • VACCINATION COMPETENCE
  • DRUG INFORMATION
  • COUNSELING PATIENTS
  • PRIMARY-CARE
  • MEDICATION
  • FINLAND
  • 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
  • 317 Pharmacy

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