Abstract

IntroductionColostrum plays an essential role in piglet survival and growth, providing the piglets with a source for both immunoglobulin (mainly IgG) and energy. The neonatal piglets lack IgG, which makes them dependent on colostrum as the sole source of antibody. Colostrum IgG composition might be highly variable among sows, even though sows are of the same genotype, parity and are reared in a similar environment. Lactogenesis and colostrum production is induced hormonally by a dramatic drop of progesterone (P4) concentrations which leads to a pre-partum peak of prolactin (PRL). There are studies revealing that a severely impaired production of colostrum is related to a delay in the decrease of P4 concentrations during the pre-partum period. Therefore we assumed that there might be an impaired effect of a high level of P4 concentration on quality of colostrum (IgG concentration) during parturition. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential relationship between abnormally high P4 levels at parturition and poor colostrum IgG content in sows. Materials and MethodsBlood samples (n=38) were collected from vena saphena medialis using ice chilled EDTA K3 tubes to assess P4 concentration. Samples were centrifuged at 1006 × g for 15 min and the plasma wasfrozen at -20° C until analysis. Two blood samples were collected from each sow, at the beginning and end of farrowing. Colostrum samples (N = 38) were obtained between 0-3 h after the birth of first piglet. Samples were frozen at -20° C until analysis. Plasma samples for P4 were analyzed using a commercial radioimmunoassay (RIA) kit (Progesterone RIA kit, MP Biomedicals, CA, USA) and the laboratory analysis of total colostrum IgG was done using commercially available pig IgG ELISA kit (Pig IgG ELISA kit, Bethyl Laboratories, Montgomery, USA). ResultsThe average plasma P4 concentration were 3.37 ± 2.06 ng/ml (range 0.93 – 10.71 ng/ml) and 2.62 ± 1.65 ng/ml (range 0.44 – 8.92 ng/ml) (mean ± SD) at the beginning and the end of farrowing respectively. Average IgG concentration (0-3 h) was 74.01 ± 26.77 mg/ml (range 28.57 – 140.90 mg/ml). Sows which had values of P4 > 4.00 ng/ml had a tendency to have lower IgG in colostrum (p = 0.10).ConclusionsWe found that sows with an abnormal P4 concentration at farrowing tended to have lower IgG content in colostrum, which might indicate hormonal disruption during the farrowing, with potential negative effects on piglets IgG uptake.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jun 2016
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
Event 24th International Pig Veterinary Society Congress 8th European Symposium of Porcine Health Management June 7th - 10th 2016 Dublin, Ireland - Dublin, Ireland
Duration: 7 Jun 201610 Jun 2016

Conference

Conference 24th International Pig Veterinary Society Congress 8th European Symposium of Porcine Health Management June 7th - 10th 2016 Dublin, Ireland
CountryIreland
CityDublin
Period07/06/201610/06/2016

Fields of Science

  • 413 Veterinary science
  • Colostrum
  • Sow
  • PROGESTERONE

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