Adipose tissue fatty acids suggest spatial and temporal dietary differences in great cormorants of the Baltic Sea area

Malin Tverin, Janne Granroth, Alexander Abrahamsson, Patrik Anthony Tang, Henry Pihlström, Karl Lundström, Reijo Käkelä

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Increased numbers of great cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo) in the Baltic Sea may have local impacts on fisheries and salmonid hatcheries. We studied spatial and temporal variability in cormorant diet, and potential consumption of hatchery salmonids, by analysing knee subcutaneous adipose tissue fatty acids (FA) of specimens (N = 77) collected along Swedish and Finnish coasts in different seasons during 2013–2017. The FA profiles of the subspecies sinensis and carbo were similar, with large individual variation. The proportion of C18 polyunsaturated FAs (PUFAs) was the largest in the north, whereas the proportion of C20–22 monounsaturated FAs (MUFAs) increased towards the south, reflecting diminishing freshwater and increasing marine food web characteristics towards the south. As an exception, the C20–22 MUFA percentage was high in sinensis collected in June 2017 from the northern Baltic Sea. The source of C20–22 MUFAs was probably hatchery salmonids, raised on ocean fish hatchery feed and released 10 days before, near the cormorant capture site. The FA profiles of northern and southern cormorants differed from each other both in early and late summer samples, suggesting spatially different diets. The largest individual variation was found in 22:1n-11, characteristic of ocean zooplanktivorous fish, and likely originating from Atlantic wild or Baltic Sea hatchery-reared fish. This study shows that adipose tissue FA profiles can be used as proxies for seabird diet monitoring and indicators of predation on hatchery-reared fish. Obtaining quantitative estimates on the proportions of dietary fish species requires future feeding experiments, allowing calibration between the FA compositions and diet.
Original languageEnglish
Article number0025315420001320
JournalJournal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
Volume101
Pages (from-to)199-213
Number of pages15
ISSN0025-3154
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
  • Diet analysis
  • fatty acid
  • Phalacrocorax carbo
  • population management
  • seabird&#8211
  • fishery conflict
  • PHALACROCORAX-CARBO-SINENSIS
  • STABLE-ISOTOPES
  • SIGNATURE ANALYSIS
  • SEASONAL-CHANGES
  • FISH
  • SEABIRDS
  • INDICATORS
  • LIPIDS
  • SPECIALIZATION
  • VITAMIN-A-2
  • Diet analysis
  • fatty acid
  • Phalacrocorax carbo
  • population management
  • seabird&#8211
  • fishery conflict
  • PHALACROCORAX-CARBO-SINENSIS
  • STABLE-ISOTOPES
  • SIGNATURE ANALYSIS
  • SEASONAL-CHANGES
  • FISH
  • SEABIRDS
  • INDICATORS
  • LIPIDS
  • SPECIALIZATION
  • VITAMIN-A-2

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