Analysis and purification of ssRNA and dsRNA molecules using asymmetrical flow field flow fractionation

Katri Eskelin , Mirka Lampi, Christine Coustau, Jafargholi Imani, Karl-Heinz Kogel, Minna Poranen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Robust RNA purification and analysis methods are required to support the development of RNA vaccines and therapeutics as well as RNA interference-based crop protection solutions. Asymmetrical flow field -flow fractionation (AF4) is a gentle native purification method that applies liquid flows to separate sample components based on their hydrodynamic sizes. We recently showed that AF4 can be utilized to separate RNA molecules that are shorter than 110 nucleotides (nt), but the performance of AF4 in the analysis and purification of longer RNA molecules has not been previously evaluated. Here, we studied the perfor-mance of AF4 in separation of single-stranded (ss) and double-stranded (ds) RNA molecules in the size range of 75-6400 nt. In addition, we evaluated the power of AF4 coupling to different detectors, allow-ing separation to be combined with data collection on yield as well as molecular weight ( MW ) and size distribution. We show that AF4 method is applicable in RNA purification, quality control, and analytics, and results in good recoveries of ssRNA and dsRNA molecules. In addition, our results demonstrate the utility of AF4 multidetection platforms to study biophysical properties of long RNA molecules.(c) 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V.This is an open access article under the CC BY license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ )

Original languageEnglish
Article number463525
JournalJournal of Chromatography. A
Volume1683
Number of pages15
ISSN0021-9673
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Nov 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 1182 Biochemistry, cell and molecular biology
  • Field-flow fractionation
  • RNA
  • Biophysical characterization
  • Macromolecule purification
  • NUCLEIC-ACIDS
  • RNA MOLECULES
  • SEPARATION
  • BACTERIOPHAGE-PHI-6
  • PROTEINS
  • CHANNEL
  • SIZES
  • P2

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