Anorexia Nervosa and Comorbid Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Review

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of review Traits of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are overrepresented among individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) and may also moderate the behavioral manifestation of AN. This review aims to provide an overview of AN and comorbid ASD. Recent findings Elevated ASD traits do not seem to precede AN among some individuals but are rather related to the illness stage. However, studies have suggested that there are ASD-specific mechanisms for developing AN in a subgroup of individuals with AN. Pronounced traits of ASD and diagnosed ASD are associated with illness prolongation and poorer outcomes in AN, and individuals with AN and elevated ASD traits may benefit less from many of the current treatments. Studies do not support a specific genetic relationship between ASD and AN. Recent research encourages the improved recognition of elevated ASD traits in individuals with AN and provides grounds for developing tailored treatments for those with this comorbidity.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Opinion in Psychiatry
Volume34
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)569-575
Number of pages7
ISSN0951-7367
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

Fields of Science

  • 3124 Neurology and psychiatry
  • anorexia nervosa
  • autism spectrum
  • autism spectrum disorder
  • disordered eating
  • eating and feeding disorders
  • eating disorders
  • BULIMIA-NERVOSA
  • TRAITS
  • ADULTS
  • ABILITIES
  • CHILDHOOD
  • SYMPTOMS
  • anorexia nervosa
  • autism spectrum
  • autism spectrum disorder
  • disordered eating
  • eating and feeding disorders
  • eating disorders
  • BULIMIA-NERVOSA
  • TRAITS
  • ADULTS
  • ABILITIES
  • CHILDHOOD
  • SYMPTOMS

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