Atomistic behavior of metal surfaces under high electric fields

Andreas Kyritsakis, Ekaterina Baibuz, Ville Jansson, Flyura Djurabekova

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Combining classical electrodynamics and density functional theory (DFT) calculations, we develop a general and rigorous theoretical framework that describes the energetics of metal surfaces under high electric fields. We show that the behavior of a surface atom in the presence of an electric field can be described by the polarization characteristics of the permanent and field-induced charges in its vicinity. We use DFT calculations for the case of a W adatom on a W{110} surface to confirm the predictions of our theory and quantify its system-specific parameters. Our quantitative predictions for the diffusion of W-on-W{110} under field are in good agreement with experimental measurements. This work is a crucial step towards developing atomistic computational models of such systems for long-term simulations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number205418
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number20
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 16 May 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 114 Physical sciences

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