Behavioral and electrophysiological indicators of auditory distractibility in children with ADHD and comorbid ODD

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Involuntary switching of attention to distracting sounds was studied by measuring effects of these events on auditory discrimination performance and event-related brain potentials (ERPs) in 6–11-year-old boys with Attention Deficit – Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and comorbid Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) and in age-matched controls. The children were instructed to differentiate between two animal calls by pressing one response button, for example, to a dog bark and another button to a cat mew. These task-relevant sounds were presented from one of two loudspeakersinfront of the child, and there were occasional task-irrelevant changes in the sound location, that is, the loudspeaker. In addition, novel sounds (e.g., a sound of hammer,rain, or car horn) unrelated to the task were presented from a loudspeaker behind the child. The percentage of correct responses was lower for target sounds preceded by a novel sound than for targets not preceded by such sound in the ADHD group, but not in the control group. In both groups, a biphasic positive P3 a response was observed in ERPs to the novel sounds. The later part of the P3a appeared to continue longer over the frontal scalp areas in the ADHD group than in the controls presumably because a reorienting negativity (RON) ERP response following the P3a was smaller in the ADHD group than in the control group. This suggests that the children with ADHD had problemsin reorienting their attention to the current task after a distracting novel sound leading to deterioration of performance in this task. The present study also indicates that children with ADHD and comorbid ODD show same kind of distractibility as found in previous studies for children with ADHD without systematic comorbid ODD.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBrain Research
Volume1632
Pages (from-to)42-50
Number of pages9
ISSN0006-8993
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 515 Psychology
  • 3124 Neurology and psychiatry

Cite this

@article{dd47a15ba50048deb4b17c3a7766e944,
title = "Behavioral and electrophysiological indicators of auditory distractibility in children with ADHD and comorbid ODD",
abstract = "Involuntary switching of attention to distracting sounds was studied by measuring effects of these events on auditory discrimination performance and event-related brain potentials (ERPs) in 6–11-year-old boys with Attention Deficit – Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and comorbid Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) and in age-matched controls. The children were instructed to differentiate between two animal calls by pressing one response button, for example, to a dog bark and another button to a cat mew. These task-relevant sounds were presented from one of two loudspeakersinfront of the child, and there were occasional task-irrelevant changes in the sound location, that is, the loudspeaker. In addition, novel sounds (e.g., a sound of hammer,rain, or car horn) unrelated to the task were presented from a loudspeaker behind the child. The percentage of correct responses was lower for target sounds preceded by a novel sound than for targets not preceded by such sound in the ADHD group, but not in the control group. In both groups, a biphasic positive P3 a response was observed in ERPs to the novel sounds. The later part of the P3a appeared to continue longer over the frontal scalp areas in the ADHD group than in the controls presumably because a reorienting negativity (RON) ERP response following the P3a was smaller in the ADHD group than in the control group. This suggests that the children with ADHD had problemsin reorienting their attention to the current task after a distracting novel sound leading to deterioration of performance in this task. The present study also indicates that children with ADHD and comorbid ODD show same kind of distractibility as found in previous studies for children with ADHD without systematic comorbid ODD.",
keywords = "515 Psychology, 3124 Neurology and psychiatry",
author = "Lea Oja and Minna Huotilainen and Eija Nikkanen and Henna Oksanen-Hennah and Marja Laasonen and Arja Voutilainen and {Wendt von}, Lennart and Kimmo Alho",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1016/j.brainres.2015.12.003",
language = "English",
volume = "1632",
pages = "42--50",
journal = "Brain Research",
issn = "0006-8993",
publisher = "Elsevier Scientific Publ. Co",

}

Behavioral and electrophysiological indicators of auditory distractibility in children with ADHD and comorbid ODD. / Oja, Lea; Huotilainen, Minna; Nikkanen, Eija ; Oksanen-Hennah, Henna; Laasonen, Marja; Voutilainen, Arja; Wendt von, Lennart; Alho, Kimmo.

In: Brain Research , Vol. 1632, 2016, p. 42-50.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Behavioral and electrophysiological indicators of auditory distractibility in children with ADHD and comorbid ODD

AU - Oja, Lea

AU - Huotilainen, Minna

AU - Nikkanen, Eija

AU - Oksanen-Hennah, Henna

AU - Laasonen, Marja

AU - Voutilainen, Arja

AU - Wendt von, Lennart

AU - Alho, Kimmo

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Involuntary switching of attention to distracting sounds was studied by measuring effects of these events on auditory discrimination performance and event-related brain potentials (ERPs) in 6–11-year-old boys with Attention Deficit – Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and comorbid Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) and in age-matched controls. The children were instructed to differentiate between two animal calls by pressing one response button, for example, to a dog bark and another button to a cat mew. These task-relevant sounds were presented from one of two loudspeakersinfront of the child, and there were occasional task-irrelevant changes in the sound location, that is, the loudspeaker. In addition, novel sounds (e.g., a sound of hammer,rain, or car horn) unrelated to the task were presented from a loudspeaker behind the child. The percentage of correct responses was lower for target sounds preceded by a novel sound than for targets not preceded by such sound in the ADHD group, but not in the control group. In both groups, a biphasic positive P3 a response was observed in ERPs to the novel sounds. The later part of the P3a appeared to continue longer over the frontal scalp areas in the ADHD group than in the controls presumably because a reorienting negativity (RON) ERP response following the P3a was smaller in the ADHD group than in the control group. This suggests that the children with ADHD had problemsin reorienting their attention to the current task after a distracting novel sound leading to deterioration of performance in this task. The present study also indicates that children with ADHD and comorbid ODD show same kind of distractibility as found in previous studies for children with ADHD without systematic comorbid ODD.

AB - Involuntary switching of attention to distracting sounds was studied by measuring effects of these events on auditory discrimination performance and event-related brain potentials (ERPs) in 6–11-year-old boys with Attention Deficit – Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and comorbid Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) and in age-matched controls. The children were instructed to differentiate between two animal calls by pressing one response button, for example, to a dog bark and another button to a cat mew. These task-relevant sounds were presented from one of two loudspeakersinfront of the child, and there were occasional task-irrelevant changes in the sound location, that is, the loudspeaker. In addition, novel sounds (e.g., a sound of hammer,rain, or car horn) unrelated to the task were presented from a loudspeaker behind the child. The percentage of correct responses was lower for target sounds preceded by a novel sound than for targets not preceded by such sound in the ADHD group, but not in the control group. In both groups, a biphasic positive P3 a response was observed in ERPs to the novel sounds. The later part of the P3a appeared to continue longer over the frontal scalp areas in the ADHD group than in the controls presumably because a reorienting negativity (RON) ERP response following the P3a was smaller in the ADHD group than in the control group. This suggests that the children with ADHD had problemsin reorienting their attention to the current task after a distracting novel sound leading to deterioration of performance in this task. The present study also indicates that children with ADHD and comorbid ODD show same kind of distractibility as found in previous studies for children with ADHD without systematic comorbid ODD.

KW - 515 Psychology

KW - 3124 Neurology and psychiatry

U2 - 10.1016/j.brainres.2015.12.003

DO - 10.1016/j.brainres.2015.12.003

M3 - Article

VL - 1632

SP - 42

EP - 50

JO - Brain Research

JF - Brain Research

SN - 0006-8993

ER -