Bioavailability of phosphorus

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


Phosphorus (P) intake in Western countries exceeds the nutritional recommendations two- to threefold, and the increased use of food additive phosphates by the food industry has augmented total P intake with an estimated 10% to 50% of the total P intake coming from additives. Moreover, in food composition databases, P contents of the recipe-based foodstuffs are calculated based on nutrient content of raw materials and not on chemically analyzed values of the finished food product. Thus, the amount of phosphate from additives may not have been taken into account when estimating the total P content. The chemical composition of a foodstuff affects the bioavailability of P. Both human (in vivo) and in vitro studies have shown that bioavailability of P differs between the foodstuffs. Bioavailability of P is higher in processed, phosphate additive-containing foods, such as in processed meats, baking powder-containing bakery products, processed cheeses, and cola drinks. In contrast, P bioavailability of plant-based products is low, especially in legumes and seeds. In cereals, P bioavailability increases during processing when, for example, the bread is fermented and P from phytate is released as absorbable, inorganic P through the action of microbial phytase. Phosphorus bioavailability from animalbased products is generally high, with the exception of cottage cheese. Thus, effects of P on health may depend on the source from which it is ingested. However, there is a growing need to develop research methods by which P bioavailability can be taken into account. Data on the use of food additive phosphates by the food industry and updated information on P content in foodstuffs are also needed. © 2018 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDietary Phosphorus : Health, Nutrition, and Regulatory Aspects
EditorsJaime Uribarri, Mona S Calvo
Number of pages13
Place of PublicationBoca Raton
PublisherCRC press
Publication date1 Jan 2017
ISBN (Print)9781498706964
ISBN (Electronic)9781315119533, 9781498706971
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
MoE publication typeA3 Book chapter

Fields of Science

  • 3143 Nutrition

Cite this