Brain networks of bottom-up triggered and top-down controlled shifting of auditory attention

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    During functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), our participants selectively attended to tone streams at the left or right, and occasionally shifted their attention from one stream to another as guided by a centrally presented visual cue. Duration changes in the to-be-attended stream served as targets. Loudness deviating tones (LDTs) occurred infrequently in both streams to catch attention in a bottom-up manner, as indicated by their effects on reaction times to targets. LDTs activated the right temporo-parietal junction (TPJ), posterior parts of the left inferior/middle frontal gyrus (IFG/MFG), ventromedial parts of the superior parietal lobule (SPL), and left frontal eye field/premotor cortex (FEF/PMC). In addition, LDTs in the to-be-ignored sound stream were associated with enhanced activity in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC) possibly related to evaluation of the distracting event. Top-down controlled cue-guided attention shifts (CASS) activated bilateral areas in the SPL, intraparietal sulcus (IPS), FEF/PMC, TPJ, IFG/MFG, and cingulate/medial frontal gyrus, and crus I/II of the cerebellum. Thus, our results suggest that in audition top-down controlled and bottom-up triggered shifting of attention activate largely overlapping temporo-parietal, superior parietal and frontal areas. As the IPS, superior parts of the SPL, and crus I/II were activated specifically by top-down controlled attention shifts, and the VMPFC was specifically activated by bottom-up triggered attention shifts, our results also suggest some differences between auditory top-down controlled and bottom-up triggered shifting of attention. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalBrain Research
    Volume1286
    Pages (from-to)155-164
    Number of pages10
    ISSN0006-8993
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fields of Science

    • 515 Psychology
    • attention
    • audition
    • functional magnetic resonance imaging
    • top-down
    • bottom-up

    Cite this

    @article{b7fd0f2ddbd34d4ea20fa10433f260ec,
    title = "Brain networks of bottom-up triggered and top-down controlled shifting of auditory attention",
    abstract = "During functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), our participants selectively attended to tone streams at the left or right, and occasionally shifted their attention from one stream to another as guided by a centrally presented visual cue. Duration changes in the to-be-attended stream served as targets. Loudness deviating tones (LDTs) occurred infrequently in both streams to catch attention in a bottom-up manner, as indicated by their effects on reaction times to targets. LDTs activated the right temporo-parietal junction (TPJ), posterior parts of the left inferior/middle frontal gyrus (IFG/MFG), ventromedial parts of the superior parietal lobule (SPL), and left frontal eye field/premotor cortex (FEF/PMC). In addition, LDTs in the to-be-ignored sound stream were associated with enhanced activity in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC) possibly related to evaluation of the distracting event. Top-down controlled cue-guided attention shifts (CASS) activated bilateral areas in the SPL, intraparietal sulcus (IPS), FEF/PMC, TPJ, IFG/MFG, and cingulate/medial frontal gyrus, and crus I/II of the cerebellum. Thus, our results suggest that in audition top-down controlled and bottom-up triggered shifting of attention activate largely overlapping temporo-parietal, superior parietal and frontal areas. As the IPS, superior parts of the SPL, and crus I/II were activated specifically by top-down controlled attention shifts, and the VMPFC was specifically activated by bottom-up triggered attention shifts, our results also suggest some differences between auditory top-down controlled and bottom-up triggered shifting of attention. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
    keywords = "515 Psychology, attention, audition, functional magnetic resonance imaging, top-down, bottom-up",
    author = "Juha Salmi and Teemu Rinne and Sonja Koistinen and Oili Salonen and Kimmo Alho",
    year = "2009",
    doi = "10.1016/j.brainres.2009.06.083",
    language = "English",
    volume = "1286",
    pages = "155--164",
    journal = "Brain Research",
    issn = "0006-8993",
    publisher = "Elsevier Scientific Publ. Co",

    }

    Brain networks of bottom-up triggered and top-down controlled shifting of auditory attention. / Salmi, Juha; Rinne, Teemu; Koistinen, Sonja; Salonen, Oili; Alho, Kimmo.

    In: Brain Research , Vol. 1286, 2009, p. 155-164.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Brain networks of bottom-up triggered and top-down controlled shifting of auditory attention

    AU - Salmi, Juha

    AU - Rinne, Teemu

    AU - Koistinen, Sonja

    AU - Salonen, Oili

    AU - Alho, Kimmo

    PY - 2009

    Y1 - 2009

    N2 - During functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), our participants selectively attended to tone streams at the left or right, and occasionally shifted their attention from one stream to another as guided by a centrally presented visual cue. Duration changes in the to-be-attended stream served as targets. Loudness deviating tones (LDTs) occurred infrequently in both streams to catch attention in a bottom-up manner, as indicated by their effects on reaction times to targets. LDTs activated the right temporo-parietal junction (TPJ), posterior parts of the left inferior/middle frontal gyrus (IFG/MFG), ventromedial parts of the superior parietal lobule (SPL), and left frontal eye field/premotor cortex (FEF/PMC). In addition, LDTs in the to-be-ignored sound stream were associated with enhanced activity in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC) possibly related to evaluation of the distracting event. Top-down controlled cue-guided attention shifts (CASS) activated bilateral areas in the SPL, intraparietal sulcus (IPS), FEF/PMC, TPJ, IFG/MFG, and cingulate/medial frontal gyrus, and crus I/II of the cerebellum. Thus, our results suggest that in audition top-down controlled and bottom-up triggered shifting of attention activate largely overlapping temporo-parietal, superior parietal and frontal areas. As the IPS, superior parts of the SPL, and crus I/II were activated specifically by top-down controlled attention shifts, and the VMPFC was specifically activated by bottom-up triggered attention shifts, our results also suggest some differences between auditory top-down controlled and bottom-up triggered shifting of attention. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    AB - During functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), our participants selectively attended to tone streams at the left or right, and occasionally shifted their attention from one stream to another as guided by a centrally presented visual cue. Duration changes in the to-be-attended stream served as targets. Loudness deviating tones (LDTs) occurred infrequently in both streams to catch attention in a bottom-up manner, as indicated by their effects on reaction times to targets. LDTs activated the right temporo-parietal junction (TPJ), posterior parts of the left inferior/middle frontal gyrus (IFG/MFG), ventromedial parts of the superior parietal lobule (SPL), and left frontal eye field/premotor cortex (FEF/PMC). In addition, LDTs in the to-be-ignored sound stream were associated with enhanced activity in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC) possibly related to evaluation of the distracting event. Top-down controlled cue-guided attention shifts (CASS) activated bilateral areas in the SPL, intraparietal sulcus (IPS), FEF/PMC, TPJ, IFG/MFG, and cingulate/medial frontal gyrus, and crus I/II of the cerebellum. Thus, our results suggest that in audition top-down controlled and bottom-up triggered shifting of attention activate largely overlapping temporo-parietal, superior parietal and frontal areas. As the IPS, superior parts of the SPL, and crus I/II were activated specifically by top-down controlled attention shifts, and the VMPFC was specifically activated by bottom-up triggered attention shifts, our results also suggest some differences between auditory top-down controlled and bottom-up triggered shifting of attention. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    KW - 515 Psychology

    KW - attention

    KW - audition

    KW - functional magnetic resonance imaging

    KW - top-down

    KW - bottom-up

    U2 - 10.1016/j.brainres.2009.06.083

    DO - 10.1016/j.brainres.2009.06.083

    M3 - Article

    VL - 1286

    SP - 155

    EP - 164

    JO - Brain Research

    JF - Brain Research

    SN - 0006-8993

    ER -