Causes of death of professional musicians in the classical genre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. Music practice and listening have been reported to have favorable effects on human health, but empirical data are largely missing about these effects. To obtain more information about the effect of exposure to music from early childhood, we examined the causes of death of professional musicians in the classical genre. METHODS: We used standardized mortality ratios (SMR) for Finnish performing artists (n=5,780) and church musicians (n=22,368) during 1981-2016. We examined deaths from cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and neurodegenerative and alcohol-related diseases. The diagnoses were based on the ICD-10, with data obtained from Statistics of Finland. RESULTS: Overall, SMR for all-cause mortality was 0.59 (95% CI 0.57-0.61) for church musicians and 0.75 (95% CI 0.70-0.80) for performing artists, suggesting a protective effect of music for health. In contrast, we found increased mortality in alcohol-related diseases among female performing artists (SMR 1.85, 95% CI 1.062.95) and in neurodegenerative diseases among male performing artists (1.46, 95% CI 1.13-1.84). Additionally, we found higher SMRs for female than male church musicians for cancers (SMRfemales 0.90, 95% CI 0.83-0.97; SMRmales 0.60, 95% CI 0.54-0.67) and cardiovascular diseases (SMRfemales 0.75, 95% CI 0.68-0.82; SMRmales 0.58, 95% CI 0.54-0.64). CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that the causes of death in performers differ from those in church musicians. Performing artists are not protected from neurodegenerative diseases or alcohol-related deaths. The findings call for further study on the life-long effects of music in musicians.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMedical Problems of Performing Artists
Volume34
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)92-97
Number of pages6
ISSN0885-1158
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • BEHAVIOR
  • BRAIN
  • CANCER
  • CARDIOVASCULAR RISK-FACTORS
  • LIFE EXPECTANCY
  • NEUROBIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS
  • PERFORMANCE
  • SEX-DIFFERENCES
  • STRESS
  • SURVIVAL METHOD
  • 3141 Health care science

Cite this

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title = "Causes of death of professional musicians in the classical genre",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE. Music practice and listening have been reported to have favorable effects on human health, but empirical data are largely missing about these effects. To obtain more information about the effect of exposure to music from early childhood, we examined the causes of death of professional musicians in the classical genre. METHODS: We used standardized mortality ratios (SMR) for Finnish performing artists (n=5,780) and church musicians (n=22,368) during 1981-2016. We examined deaths from cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and neurodegenerative and alcohol-related diseases. The diagnoses were based on the ICD-10, with data obtained from Statistics of Finland. RESULTS: Overall, SMR for all-cause mortality was 0.59 (95{\%} CI 0.57-0.61) for church musicians and 0.75 (95{\%} CI 0.70-0.80) for performing artists, suggesting a protective effect of music for health. In contrast, we found increased mortality in alcohol-related diseases among female performing artists (SMR 1.85, 95{\%} CI 1.062.95) and in neurodegenerative diseases among male performing artists (1.46, 95{\%} CI 1.13-1.84). Additionally, we found higher SMRs for female than male church musicians for cancers (SMRfemales 0.90, 95{\%} CI 0.83-0.97; SMRmales 0.60, 95{\%} CI 0.54-0.67) and cardiovascular diseases (SMRfemales 0.75, 95{\%} CI 0.68-0.82; SMRmales 0.58, 95{\%} CI 0.54-0.64). CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that the causes of death in performers differ from those in church musicians. Performing artists are not protected from neurodegenerative diseases or alcohol-related deaths. The findings call for further study on the life-long effects of music in musicians.",
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author = "Tuire Kuusi and Jari Haukka and Liisa Myllykangas and Irma J{\"a}rvel{\"a}",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
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language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "92--97",
journal = "Medical Problems of Performing Artists",
issn = "0885-1158",
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Causes of death of professional musicians in the classical genre. / Kuusi, Tuire; Haukka, Jari; Myllykangas, Liisa; Järvelä, Irma.

In: Medical Problems of Performing Artists, Vol. 34 , No. 2, 06.2019, p. 92-97.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Causes of death of professional musicians in the classical genre

AU - Kuusi, Tuire

AU - Haukka, Jari

AU - Myllykangas, Liisa

AU - Järvelä, Irma

PY - 2019/6

Y1 - 2019/6

N2 - OBJECTIVE. Music practice and listening have been reported to have favorable effects on human health, but empirical data are largely missing about these effects. To obtain more information about the effect of exposure to music from early childhood, we examined the causes of death of professional musicians in the classical genre. METHODS: We used standardized mortality ratios (SMR) for Finnish performing artists (n=5,780) and church musicians (n=22,368) during 1981-2016. We examined deaths from cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and neurodegenerative and alcohol-related diseases. The diagnoses were based on the ICD-10, with data obtained from Statistics of Finland. RESULTS: Overall, SMR for all-cause mortality was 0.59 (95% CI 0.57-0.61) for church musicians and 0.75 (95% CI 0.70-0.80) for performing artists, suggesting a protective effect of music for health. In contrast, we found increased mortality in alcohol-related diseases among female performing artists (SMR 1.85, 95% CI 1.062.95) and in neurodegenerative diseases among male performing artists (1.46, 95% CI 1.13-1.84). Additionally, we found higher SMRs for female than male church musicians for cancers (SMRfemales 0.90, 95% CI 0.83-0.97; SMRmales 0.60, 95% CI 0.54-0.67) and cardiovascular diseases (SMRfemales 0.75, 95% CI 0.68-0.82; SMRmales 0.58, 95% CI 0.54-0.64). CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that the causes of death in performers differ from those in church musicians. Performing artists are not protected from neurodegenerative diseases or alcohol-related deaths. The findings call for further study on the life-long effects of music in musicians.

AB - OBJECTIVE. Music practice and listening have been reported to have favorable effects on human health, but empirical data are largely missing about these effects. To obtain more information about the effect of exposure to music from early childhood, we examined the causes of death of professional musicians in the classical genre. METHODS: We used standardized mortality ratios (SMR) for Finnish performing artists (n=5,780) and church musicians (n=22,368) during 1981-2016. We examined deaths from cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and neurodegenerative and alcohol-related diseases. The diagnoses were based on the ICD-10, with data obtained from Statistics of Finland. RESULTS: Overall, SMR for all-cause mortality was 0.59 (95% CI 0.57-0.61) for church musicians and 0.75 (95% CI 0.70-0.80) for performing artists, suggesting a protective effect of music for health. In contrast, we found increased mortality in alcohol-related diseases among female performing artists (SMR 1.85, 95% CI 1.062.95) and in neurodegenerative diseases among male performing artists (1.46, 95% CI 1.13-1.84). Additionally, we found higher SMRs for female than male church musicians for cancers (SMRfemales 0.90, 95% CI 0.83-0.97; SMRmales 0.60, 95% CI 0.54-0.67) and cardiovascular diseases (SMRfemales 0.75, 95% CI 0.68-0.82; SMRmales 0.58, 95% CI 0.54-0.64). CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that the causes of death in performers differ from those in church musicians. Performing artists are not protected from neurodegenerative diseases or alcohol-related deaths. The findings call for further study on the life-long effects of music in musicians.

KW - BEHAVIOR

KW - BRAIN

KW - CANCER

KW - CARDIOVASCULAR RISK-FACTORS

KW - LIFE EXPECTANCY

KW - NEUROBIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS

KW - PERFORMANCE

KW - SEX-DIFFERENCES

KW - STRESS

KW - SURVIVAL METHOD

KW - 3141 Health care science

U2 - 10.21091/mppa.2019.2016

DO - 10.21091/mppa.2019.2016

M3 - Article

VL - 34

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EP - 97

JO - Medical Problems of Performing Artists

JF - Medical Problems of Performing Artists

SN - 0885-1158

IS - 2

ER -