Chemoenzymatic Synthesis of Chiral Organosulfur Compounds

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisMonograph


This thesis is primarily concerned with the enzyme- catalysed synthesis of sulfoxides using reductase and dioxygenase enzymes.
Chapter 1 provides an introduction to the topic of redox chemistry with particular emphasis on the application of reductase and dioxygenase enzymes in organosulfur chemistry. Earlier literature methods for the production of enantiopure sulfoxides are reviewed. A brief discussion of the methods used for the determination of enantiomeric excess and absolute configuration is provided.
Chapter 2 contains results obtained using a range of whole-cell bacteria each using a dimethyl sulfoxide reductase enzyme. The synthesis of a series of racemic sulfoxides and the development of appropriate CSPHPLC analytical methods is discussed. Kinetic resolutions of a series of sulfoxides have been achieved.
Chapter 3 contains a presentation of results using dioxygenase enzymes as biocatalysts for the asymmetric sulfoxidation of dialkyl sulfoxides including thioacetal sulfoxides. A new range of monosulfoxides, cis-dihydrodiols and cis- dihydrodiol sulfoxides have been isolated in enantiopure form.
Chapter 4 is focussed on the application of chiral sulfoxides in synthesis. A new chemoenzymatic route to diol sulfoxide enantiomers and the derived enantiopure phenols and catechols is discussed. The application of chemically synthesised sulfoxide enantiomers in the production of hydroxy sulfoxides is reported.
Chapter 5 provides a full experimental section where the synthesis of sulfides and racemic sulfoxides is included. The methods used in the isolation and characterisation of bioproducts from the biotransformation are discussed and full experimental details given.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2002
MoE publication typeG4 Doctoral dissertation (monograph)

Fields of Science

  • 116 Chemical sciences

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