Comparing Employment Trajectories before and after First Imprisonment in Four Nordic Countries

Mikko Aaltonen, Torbjørn Skardhamar, Anders Nilsson, Lars Højsgaard Andersen, Olof Bäckman, Felipe Estrada, Petri Danielsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Employment plays a crucial role in the re-entry process and in reducing recidivism among offenders released from prison. But at the same time, imprisonment is generally regarded as harmful to post-release employment prospects. Little is known, however, about whether or not offenders’ employment trajectories before and after imprisonment are similar across countries. As a first step towards filling this gap in research, this paper provides evidence on employment trajectories before and after imprisonment in four Nordic welfare states: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Using data gathered from administrative records on incarcerated offenders, the analysis focuses on individuals imprisoned for the first time and who served a prison sentence less than one year in length. Results show that although employment trajectories develop in mostly similar ways before and after imprisonment across these countries, important differences exist.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Criminology
Volume57
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)828-847
Number of pages20
ISSN0007-0955
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 5141 Sociology
  • 513 Law

Cite this

Aaltonen, Mikko ; Skardhamar, Torbjørn ; Nilsson, Anders ; Højsgaard Andersen, Lars ; Bäckman, Olof ; Estrada, Felipe ; Danielsson, Petri. / Comparing Employment Trajectories before and after First Imprisonment in Four Nordic Countries. In: British Journal of Criminology. 2017 ; Vol. 57, No. 4. pp. 828-847.
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Comparing Employment Trajectories before and after First Imprisonment in Four Nordic Countries. / Aaltonen, Mikko; Skardhamar, Torbjørn; Nilsson, Anders; Højsgaard Andersen, Lars; Bäckman, Olof; Estrada, Felipe; Danielsson, Petri.

In: British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 57, No. 4, 2017, p. 828-847.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparing Employment Trajectories before and after First Imprisonment in Four Nordic Countries

AU - Aaltonen, Mikko

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AU - Nilsson, Anders

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AU - Bäckman, Olof

AU - Estrada, Felipe

AU - Danielsson, Petri

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AB - Employment plays a crucial role in the re-entry process and in reducing recidivism among offenders released from prison. But at the same time, imprisonment is generally regarded as harmful to post-release employment prospects. Little is known, however, about whether or not offenders’ employment trajectories before and after imprisonment are similar across countries. As a first step towards filling this gap in research, this paper provides evidence on employment trajectories before and after imprisonment in four Nordic welfare states: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Using data gathered from administrative records on incarcerated offenders, the analysis focuses on individuals imprisoned for the first time and who served a prison sentence less than one year in length. Results show that although employment trajectories develop in mostly similar ways before and after imprisonment across these countries, important differences exist.

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