Competition as a Means of Systemic Modernisation in State Socialism

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Abstract

This essay discusses modernisation from the point of view of the reformist drive to create increased opportunities for consumption in state socialist society from the 1960s onward. Within these reforms competition was a means to accelerate entrepreneurialism and creativity that were needed to reorient production to better fulfil the need for increased consumption. Competition was essentially a market-type of behaviour in a non-market-oriented society. In the urge to revitalise the communist system, the use of market models grew over time and eventually competition contributed to the gradual transformation of values widely across society and became a significant factor openly questioning the basis of the whole system.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEurope - Asia Studies
Volume68
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)64-78
Number of pages15
ISSN0966-8136
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Feb 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Bibliographical note

Special Issue: Russian Modernisation — Structures and Agencies
Volume:
Proceeding volume:

Fields of Science

  • 615 History and Archaeology
  • 517 Political science

Projects

Finnish Centre of Excellence in Russian Studies – Choices of Russian Modernisation

Kivinen, M., Autio-Sarasmo, S., Aalto, P. K., Forsberg, T., Gel'man, V., Turoma, S., Mustajoki, A. S., Aitamurto, K., Ekonen, K., Fava, V., Granberg, L., Hast, S., Heusala, A., Huttunen, T., Kahla, E., Kangaspuro, M., Kansikas, S., Karhunen, P., Khmelnitskaya, M., Kulmala, M., Lassila, J., Lehtisaari, K., Lonkila, M., Lowry, A., Miklóssy, K., Mustajoki, A. S., Nikula, J., Oittinen, V., Palonkorpi, M., Pietiläinen, J., Saarinen, A., Smith, H., Turoma, S. & Tynkkynen, V.

01/01/201231/12/2017

Project: Research project

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