Competitive behavior, stress, and gender

Marja-Liisa Halko, Lauri Sääksvuori

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    This paper investigates whether physiological measures related to chronic and acute stress predict individual differences in willingness to compete. We measure individuals' autonomic nervous system activity in a resting state as well as under non-competitive and competitive incentive schemes using heart rate variability (HRV) measurement. We find that both baseline HRV and competition-induced changes in HRV predict willingness to compete. Notably, we find that women with low baseline HRV, a marker associated with chronic stress exposure, are more likely to choose piece rate incentives over competitive incentives than women with high baseline HRV. We observe that men with large acute HRV response to forced competition are more likely to choose tournament pay over piece rate pay than men with small acute HRV response to competition. Our results suggest that HRV can predict individual differences in willingness to compete, but HRV does not close the gender gap in willingness to compete at the aggregate level.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization
    Volume141
    Pages (from-to)96-109
    Number of pages14
    ISSN0167-2681
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fields of Science

    • 511 Economics

    Cite this

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    title = "Competitive behavior, stress, and gender",
    abstract = "This paper investigates whether physiological measures related to chronic and acute stress predict individual differences in willingness to compete. We measure individuals' autonomic nervous system activity in a resting state as well as under non-competitive and competitive incentive schemes using heart rate variability (HRV) measurement. We find that both baseline HRV and competition-induced changes in HRV predict willingness to compete. Notably, we find that women with low baseline HRV, a marker associated with chronic stress exposure, are more likely to choose piece rate incentives over competitive incentives than women with high baseline HRV. We observe that men with large acute HRV response to forced competition are more likely to choose tournament pay over piece rate pay than men with small acute HRV response to competition. Our results suggest that HRV can predict individual differences in willingness to compete, but HRV does not close the gender gap in willingness to compete at the aggregate level.",
    keywords = "511 Economics, COMPETITIVENESS, STRESS , Labour market, GENDER",
    author = "Marja-Liisa Halko and Lauri S{\"a}{\"a}ksvuori",
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    Competitive behavior, stress, and gender. / Halko, Marja-Liisa; Sääksvuori, Lauri.

    In: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Vol. 141, 04.07.2017, p. 96-109.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Competitive behavior, stress, and gender

    AU - Halko, Marja-Liisa

    AU - Sääksvuori, Lauri

    PY - 2017/7/4

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    N2 - This paper investigates whether physiological measures related to chronic and acute stress predict individual differences in willingness to compete. We measure individuals' autonomic nervous system activity in a resting state as well as under non-competitive and competitive incentive schemes using heart rate variability (HRV) measurement. We find that both baseline HRV and competition-induced changes in HRV predict willingness to compete. Notably, we find that women with low baseline HRV, a marker associated with chronic stress exposure, are more likely to choose piece rate incentives over competitive incentives than women with high baseline HRV. We observe that men with large acute HRV response to forced competition are more likely to choose tournament pay over piece rate pay than men with small acute HRV response to competition. Our results suggest that HRV can predict individual differences in willingness to compete, but HRV does not close the gender gap in willingness to compete at the aggregate level.

    AB - This paper investigates whether physiological measures related to chronic and acute stress predict individual differences in willingness to compete. We measure individuals' autonomic nervous system activity in a resting state as well as under non-competitive and competitive incentive schemes using heart rate variability (HRV) measurement. We find that both baseline HRV and competition-induced changes in HRV predict willingness to compete. Notably, we find that women with low baseline HRV, a marker associated with chronic stress exposure, are more likely to choose piece rate incentives over competitive incentives than women with high baseline HRV. We observe that men with large acute HRV response to forced competition are more likely to choose tournament pay over piece rate pay than men with small acute HRV response to competition. Our results suggest that HRV can predict individual differences in willingness to compete, but HRV does not close the gender gap in willingness to compete at the aggregate level.

    KW - 511 Economics

    KW - COMPETITIVENESS

    KW - STRESS

    KW - Labour market

    KW - GENDER

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    DO - 10.1016/j.jebo.2017.06.014

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    EP - 109

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    JF - Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization

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