Continuous VOC flux measurements on boreal forest floor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from biogenic sources are important contributors to chemical reactions in the air. Soil/forest floor VOCs contribute significantly to the ecosystem scale emissions, however, these emissions and their temporal and spatial variations are poorly characterised. The below-canopy VOC emissions have been measured mainly in campaigns; continuous measurements over the whole growing season are rare. VOCs were measured from boreal forest floor over the snow-free season 2010 in southern Finland with automated flow-through chambers connected to proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometer (PTR-MS). We measured 10 masses in total, of which five quantitatively (M33, M45, M59, M69, M137). All of the fluxes showed clear diurnal and seasonal variation, being at their highest in early summer. Spatial variation in the fluxes was great and the lowest rates were found in chambers with dense vegetation cover. Also, VOCs deposition was observed regularly. Monoterpene (M137) emissions were one magnitude higher (up to 264 ng m−2 s−1) than other emissions. The VOC fluxes correlated positively with temperature and light, while relative humidity correlated negatively. Results indicated that forest floor plays a substantial role in the boreal forest total VOC emissions. Understanding the processes controlling VOC emissions requires more detailed analysis and longtime measurements with sufficient time resolution and analytical accuracy.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPlant and Soil
Volume369
Issue number1-2
Pages (from-to)241-256
Number of pages16
ISSN0032-079X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
  • VOC
  • Boreal forest
  • Forest floor
  • Automated chamber
  • PTR-MS
  • 1171 Geosciences
  • 1172 Environmental sciences
  • 4112 Forestry

Cite this

@article{a60193b8558043d58412e59f1e738ae7,
title = "Continuous VOC flux measurements on boreal forest floor",
abstract = "Volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from biogenic sources are important contributors to chemical reactions in the air. Soil/forest floor VOCs contribute significantly to the ecosystem scale emissions, however, these emissions and their temporal and spatial variations are poorly characterised. The below-canopy VOC emissions have been measured mainly in campaigns; continuous measurements over the whole growing season are rare. VOCs were measured from boreal forest floor over the snow-free season 2010 in southern Finland with automated flow-through chambers connected to proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometer (PTR-MS). We measured 10 masses in total, of which five quantitatively (M33, M45, M59, M69, M137). All of the fluxes showed clear diurnal and seasonal variation, being at their highest in early summer. Spatial variation in the fluxes was great and the lowest rates were found in chambers with dense vegetation cover. Also, VOCs deposition was observed regularly. Monoterpene (M137) emissions were one magnitude higher (up to 264 ng m−2 s−1) than other emissions. The VOC fluxes correlated positively with temperature and light, while relative humidity correlated negatively. Results indicated that forest floor plays a substantial role in the boreal forest total VOC emissions. Understanding the processes controlling VOC emissions requires more detailed analysis and longtime measurements with sufficient time resolution and analytical accuracy.",
keywords = "1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology, VOC, Boreal forest, Forest floor, Automated chamber, PTR-MS, 1171 Geosciences, 1172 Environmental sciences, 4112 Forestry",
author = "Hermanni Aaltonen and Juho Aalto and Pasi Kolari and Mari Pihlatie and Jukka Pumpanen and Markku Kulmala and Eero Nikinmaa and Timo Vesala and Jaana B{\"a}ck",
year = "2013",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1007/s11104-012-1553-4",
language = "English",
volume = "369",
pages = "241--256",
journal = "Plant and Soil",
issn = "0032-079X",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "1-2",

}

Continuous VOC flux measurements on boreal forest floor. / Aaltonen, Hermanni; Aalto, Juho; Kolari, Pasi; Pihlatie, Mari; Pumpanen, Jukka; Kulmala, Markku; Nikinmaa, Eero; Vesala, Timo; Bäck, Jaana.

In: Plant and Soil, Vol. 369, No. 1-2, 08.2013, p. 241-256.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Continuous VOC flux measurements on boreal forest floor

AU - Aaltonen, Hermanni

AU - Aalto, Juho

AU - Kolari, Pasi

AU - Pihlatie, Mari

AU - Pumpanen, Jukka

AU - Kulmala, Markku

AU - Nikinmaa, Eero

AU - Vesala, Timo

AU - Bäck, Jaana

PY - 2013/8

Y1 - 2013/8

N2 - Volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from biogenic sources are important contributors to chemical reactions in the air. Soil/forest floor VOCs contribute significantly to the ecosystem scale emissions, however, these emissions and their temporal and spatial variations are poorly characterised. The below-canopy VOC emissions have been measured mainly in campaigns; continuous measurements over the whole growing season are rare. VOCs were measured from boreal forest floor over the snow-free season 2010 in southern Finland with automated flow-through chambers connected to proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometer (PTR-MS). We measured 10 masses in total, of which five quantitatively (M33, M45, M59, M69, M137). All of the fluxes showed clear diurnal and seasonal variation, being at their highest in early summer. Spatial variation in the fluxes was great and the lowest rates were found in chambers with dense vegetation cover. Also, VOCs deposition was observed regularly. Monoterpene (M137) emissions were one magnitude higher (up to 264 ng m−2 s−1) than other emissions. The VOC fluxes correlated positively with temperature and light, while relative humidity correlated negatively. Results indicated that forest floor plays a substantial role in the boreal forest total VOC emissions. Understanding the processes controlling VOC emissions requires more detailed analysis and longtime measurements with sufficient time resolution and analytical accuracy.

AB - Volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from biogenic sources are important contributors to chemical reactions in the air. Soil/forest floor VOCs contribute significantly to the ecosystem scale emissions, however, these emissions and their temporal and spatial variations are poorly characterised. The below-canopy VOC emissions have been measured mainly in campaigns; continuous measurements over the whole growing season are rare. VOCs were measured from boreal forest floor over the snow-free season 2010 in southern Finland with automated flow-through chambers connected to proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometer (PTR-MS). We measured 10 masses in total, of which five quantitatively (M33, M45, M59, M69, M137). All of the fluxes showed clear diurnal and seasonal variation, being at their highest in early summer. Spatial variation in the fluxes was great and the lowest rates were found in chambers with dense vegetation cover. Also, VOCs deposition was observed regularly. Monoterpene (M137) emissions were one magnitude higher (up to 264 ng m−2 s−1) than other emissions. The VOC fluxes correlated positively with temperature and light, while relative humidity correlated negatively. Results indicated that forest floor plays a substantial role in the boreal forest total VOC emissions. Understanding the processes controlling VOC emissions requires more detailed analysis and longtime measurements with sufficient time resolution and analytical accuracy.

KW - 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology

KW - VOC

KW - Boreal forest

KW - Forest floor

KW - Automated chamber

KW - PTR-MS

KW - 1171 Geosciences

KW - 1172 Environmental sciences

KW - 4112 Forestry

U2 - 10.1007/s11104-012-1553-4

DO - 10.1007/s11104-012-1553-4

M3 - Article

VL - 369

SP - 241

EP - 256

JO - Plant and Soil

JF - Plant and Soil

SN - 0032-079X

IS - 1-2

ER -