Defective insulin receptor activation and altered lipid rafts in Niemann-Pick type C disease hepatocytes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) disease is a neuro-visceral cholesterol storage disorder caused by mutations in the NPC-1 or NPC-2 gene. In the present paper, we studied IR (insulin receptor) activation and the plasma-membrane lipid assembly in primary hepatocytes from control and NPC1-/- mice. We have previously reported that, in hepatocytes, IR activation is dependent on cholesterol-sphingolipid rafts [Vainio, Heino, Mansson, Fredman, Kuismanen, Vaarala and Ikonen (2002) EMBO Rep. 3, 95-100]. We found that, in NPC hepatocytes, IR levels were up-regulated and the receptor activation was compromised. Defective IR activation was reproduced in isolated NPC plasma-membrane preparations, which displayed an increased cholesterol content and saturation of major phospholipids. The NPC plasma membranes were less fluid than control membranes as indicated by increased DPH (1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene) fluorescence anisotropy values. Both in NPC hepatocytes and plasma-membrane fractions, the association of IR with low-density DRMs (detergent-resistant membranes) was increased. Moreover, the detergent resistance of both cholesterol and phosphatidylcholine were increased in NPC membranes. Finally, cholesterol removal inhibited IR activation in control membranes but restored IR activation in NPC membranes. Taken together, the results reveal a lipid imbalance in the NPC hepatocyte, which increases lipid ordering in the plasma membrane, alters the properties of lipid rafts and interferes with the function of a raft-associated plasma-membrane receptor. Such a mechanism may participate in the pathogenesis of NPC disease and contribute to insulin resistance in other disorders of lipid metabolism.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume391
Pages (from-to)465-472
Number of pages8
ISSN0264-6021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Cite this

@article{7b87edd33f7d4e9caa2718a31d83bf09,
title = "Defective insulin receptor activation and altered lipid rafts in Niemann-Pick type C disease hepatocytes",
abstract = "Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) disease is a neuro-visceral cholesterol storage disorder caused by mutations in the NPC-1 or NPC-2 gene. In the present paper, we studied IR (insulin receptor) activation and the plasma-membrane lipid assembly in primary hepatocytes from control and NPC1-/- mice. We have previously reported that, in hepatocytes, IR activation is dependent on cholesterol-sphingolipid rafts [Vainio, Heino, Mansson, Fredman, Kuismanen, Vaarala and Ikonen (2002) EMBO Rep. 3, 95-100]. We found that, in NPC hepatocytes, IR levels were up-regulated and the receptor activation was compromised. Defective IR activation was reproduced in isolated NPC plasma-membrane preparations, which displayed an increased cholesterol content and saturation of major phospholipids. The NPC plasma membranes were less fluid than control membranes as indicated by increased DPH (1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene) fluorescence anisotropy values. Both in NPC hepatocytes and plasma-membrane fractions, the association of IR with low-density DRMs (detergent-resistant membranes) was increased. Moreover, the detergent resistance of both cholesterol and phosphatidylcholine were increased in NPC membranes. Finally, cholesterol removal inhibited IR activation in control membranes but restored IR activation in NPC membranes. Taken together, the results reveal a lipid imbalance in the NPC hepatocyte, which increases lipid ordering in the plasma membrane, alters the properties of lipid rafts and interferes with the function of a raft-associated plasma-membrane receptor. Such a mechanism may participate in the pathogenesis of NPC disease and contribute to insulin resistance in other disorders of lipid metabolism.",
author = "Saara Vainio and Igor Bykov and Martin Hermansson and Eija Jokitalo and Pentti Somerharju and Elina Ikonen",
year = "2005",
doi = "10.1042/BJ20050460",
language = "English",
volume = "391",
pages = "465--472",
journal = "Biochemical Journal",
issn = "0264-6021",
publisher = "Portland Press",

}

Defective insulin receptor activation and altered lipid rafts in Niemann-Pick type C disease hepatocytes. / Vainio, Saara; Bykov, Igor; Hermansson, Martin; Jokitalo, Eija; Somerharju, Pentti; Ikonen, Elina.

In: Biochemical Journal, Vol. 391, 2005, p. 465-472.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Defective insulin receptor activation and altered lipid rafts in Niemann-Pick type C disease hepatocytes

AU - Vainio, Saara

AU - Bykov, Igor

AU - Hermansson, Martin

AU - Jokitalo, Eija

AU - Somerharju, Pentti

AU - Ikonen, Elina

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) disease is a neuro-visceral cholesterol storage disorder caused by mutations in the NPC-1 or NPC-2 gene. In the present paper, we studied IR (insulin receptor) activation and the plasma-membrane lipid assembly in primary hepatocytes from control and NPC1-/- mice. We have previously reported that, in hepatocytes, IR activation is dependent on cholesterol-sphingolipid rafts [Vainio, Heino, Mansson, Fredman, Kuismanen, Vaarala and Ikonen (2002) EMBO Rep. 3, 95-100]. We found that, in NPC hepatocytes, IR levels were up-regulated and the receptor activation was compromised. Defective IR activation was reproduced in isolated NPC plasma-membrane preparations, which displayed an increased cholesterol content and saturation of major phospholipids. The NPC plasma membranes were less fluid than control membranes as indicated by increased DPH (1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene) fluorescence anisotropy values. Both in NPC hepatocytes and plasma-membrane fractions, the association of IR with low-density DRMs (detergent-resistant membranes) was increased. Moreover, the detergent resistance of both cholesterol and phosphatidylcholine were increased in NPC membranes. Finally, cholesterol removal inhibited IR activation in control membranes but restored IR activation in NPC membranes. Taken together, the results reveal a lipid imbalance in the NPC hepatocyte, which increases lipid ordering in the plasma membrane, alters the properties of lipid rafts and interferes with the function of a raft-associated plasma-membrane receptor. Such a mechanism may participate in the pathogenesis of NPC disease and contribute to insulin resistance in other disorders of lipid metabolism.

AB - Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) disease is a neuro-visceral cholesterol storage disorder caused by mutations in the NPC-1 or NPC-2 gene. In the present paper, we studied IR (insulin receptor) activation and the plasma-membrane lipid assembly in primary hepatocytes from control and NPC1-/- mice. We have previously reported that, in hepatocytes, IR activation is dependent on cholesterol-sphingolipid rafts [Vainio, Heino, Mansson, Fredman, Kuismanen, Vaarala and Ikonen (2002) EMBO Rep. 3, 95-100]. We found that, in NPC hepatocytes, IR levels were up-regulated and the receptor activation was compromised. Defective IR activation was reproduced in isolated NPC plasma-membrane preparations, which displayed an increased cholesterol content and saturation of major phospholipids. The NPC plasma membranes were less fluid than control membranes as indicated by increased DPH (1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene) fluorescence anisotropy values. Both in NPC hepatocytes and plasma-membrane fractions, the association of IR with low-density DRMs (detergent-resistant membranes) was increased. Moreover, the detergent resistance of both cholesterol and phosphatidylcholine were increased in NPC membranes. Finally, cholesterol removal inhibited IR activation in control membranes but restored IR activation in NPC membranes. Taken together, the results reveal a lipid imbalance in the NPC hepatocyte, which increases lipid ordering in the plasma membrane, alters the properties of lipid rafts and interferes with the function of a raft-associated plasma-membrane receptor. Such a mechanism may participate in the pathogenesis of NPC disease and contribute to insulin resistance in other disorders of lipid metabolism.

U2 - 10.1042/BJ20050460

DO - 10.1042/BJ20050460

M3 - Article

VL - 391

SP - 465

EP - 472

JO - Biochemical Journal

JF - Biochemical Journal

SN - 0264-6021

ER -