Deposition of 13C tracer and impurity elements on the divertor of Wendelstein 7-X

Tomi Vuoriheimo, Antti Hakola, Jari Likonen, Sebastijan Brezinsek, Timo Dittmar, Matej Mayer, Chandra Prakash Dhard, Dirk Naujoks, Filip Tuomisto, The W7-X Team

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Carbon impurity transport and deposition were investigated in the Wendelstein 7-X stellarator by injecting isotopically labelled methane ((CH4)-C-13) into the edge plasma during the last plasma operations of its Operational Phase (OP) 1.2B experimental campaign. C-13 deposition was measured by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) on three upper divertor tiles located on the opposite side of the vessel to the(13)CH(4) inlet. The highest C-13 inventories were found as stripe-like patterns on both sides of the different strike lines. These high deposition areas were also analysed for their impurity contents and the depth profiles of the main elements in the layers. Layered deposition of different impurity elements such as Cr, Ni, Mo and B was found to reflect various events such as high metallic impurities during the OP1.2A and three boronizations carried out during OP1.2B.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysica Scripta
Issue number12
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
Event18th International Conference on Plasma-Facing Materials and Components for Fusion Applications (PFMC) - Virtual conference
Duration: 17 May 202121 May 2021

Fields of Science

  • 114 Physical sciences
  • wendelstein 7-X
  • carbon
  • impurity
  • deposition

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