Determinants of health in early adulthood: what is the role of parental education, childhood adversities and own education?

Laura Kestilä, Seppo Koskinen, Tuija Martelin, Ossi Rahkonen, Tiina Pensola, Hillevi Aro, Arpo Aromaa

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    "Background: Of the many studies assessing the impact of childhood living conditions on health and health inequalities in adulthood, only few have combined information on current determinants of health with detailed individual level data on different aspects of childhood living conditions and adversities. This study aims (i) to assess the role of parental education, self-reported childhood adversities and family structure as determinants of different dimensions of health in early adulthood, and (ii) to identify the role of the respondent's own education as a modifier of the association between childhood living conditions and health. Methods: The study is based on a representative sample (n = 3669; participation rate 83%) of young adults aged 18-39 years in 2000 in Finland. The main outcome measures were poor self-rated health (SRH), psychological distress (by GHQ12) and somatic morbidity. Results: Parental education, problems in childhood and the respondent's own education were independently related to SRH and psychological distress. The impact of childhood living conditions on health varied by gender and according to the measure of health. Childhood conditions were strongly associated with poor SRH and psychological distress, whereas the connection with somatic morbidity was weaker. The associations remained relatively unchanged after controlling for the respondent's own education. Conclusions: Childhood living conditions and adversities are strongly associated with poor SRH and psychological distress in early adulthood. Early recognition of childhood adversities followed by relevant support measures may play an important role in preventing health problems in adulthood."
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalEuropean Journal of Public Health
    Volume16
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)306-315
    Number of pages10
    ISSN1101-1262
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fields of Science

    • 314 Health sciences

    Cite this

    Kestilä, Laura ; Koskinen, Seppo ; Martelin, Tuija ; Rahkonen, Ossi ; Pensola, Tiina ; Aro, Hillevi ; Aromaa, Arpo. / Determinants of health in early adulthood : what is the role of parental education, childhood adversities and own education?. In: European Journal of Public Health. 2006 ; Vol. 16, No. 3. pp. 306-315.
    @article{015ec3927c1d447ebf0d25c442898d49,
    title = "Determinants of health in early adulthood: what is the role of parental education, childhood adversities and own education?",
    abstract = "{"}Background: Of the many studies assessing the impact of childhood living conditions on health and health inequalities in adulthood, only few have combined information on current determinants of health with detailed individual level data on different aspects of childhood living conditions and adversities. This study aims (i) to assess the role of parental education, self-reported childhood adversities and family structure as determinants of different dimensions of health in early adulthood, and (ii) to identify the role of the respondent's own education as a modifier of the association between childhood living conditions and health. Methods: The study is based on a representative sample (n = 3669; participation rate 83{\%}) of young adults aged 18-39 years in 2000 in Finland. The main outcome measures were poor self-rated health (SRH), psychological distress (by GHQ12) and somatic morbidity. Results: Parental education, problems in childhood and the respondent's own education were independently related to SRH and psychological distress. The impact of childhood living conditions on health varied by gender and according to the measure of health. Childhood conditions were strongly associated with poor SRH and psychological distress, whereas the connection with somatic morbidity was weaker. The associations remained relatively unchanged after controlling for the respondent's own education. Conclusions: Childhood living conditions and adversities are strongly associated with poor SRH and psychological distress in early adulthood. Early recognition of childhood adversities followed by relevant support measures may play an important role in preventing health problems in adulthood.{"}",
    keywords = "314 Health sciences",
    author = "Laura Kestil{\"a} and Seppo Koskinen and Tuija Martelin and Ossi Rahkonen and Tiina Pensola and Hillevi Aro and Arpo Aromaa",
    year = "2006",
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    }

    Determinants of health in early adulthood : what is the role of parental education, childhood adversities and own education? / Kestilä, Laura; Koskinen, Seppo; Martelin, Tuija; Rahkonen, Ossi; Pensola, Tiina; Aro, Hillevi; Aromaa, Arpo.

    In: European Journal of Public Health, Vol. 16, No. 3, 2006, p. 306-315.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Determinants of health in early adulthood

    T2 - what is the role of parental education, childhood adversities and own education?

    AU - Kestilä, Laura

    AU - Koskinen, Seppo

    AU - Martelin, Tuija

    AU - Rahkonen, Ossi

    AU - Pensola, Tiina

    AU - Aro, Hillevi

    AU - Aromaa, Arpo

    PY - 2006

    Y1 - 2006

    N2 - "Background: Of the many studies assessing the impact of childhood living conditions on health and health inequalities in adulthood, only few have combined information on current determinants of health with detailed individual level data on different aspects of childhood living conditions and adversities. This study aims (i) to assess the role of parental education, self-reported childhood adversities and family structure as determinants of different dimensions of health in early adulthood, and (ii) to identify the role of the respondent's own education as a modifier of the association between childhood living conditions and health. Methods: The study is based on a representative sample (n = 3669; participation rate 83%) of young adults aged 18-39 years in 2000 in Finland. The main outcome measures were poor self-rated health (SRH), psychological distress (by GHQ12) and somatic morbidity. Results: Parental education, problems in childhood and the respondent's own education were independently related to SRH and psychological distress. The impact of childhood living conditions on health varied by gender and according to the measure of health. Childhood conditions were strongly associated with poor SRH and psychological distress, whereas the connection with somatic morbidity was weaker. The associations remained relatively unchanged after controlling for the respondent's own education. Conclusions: Childhood living conditions and adversities are strongly associated with poor SRH and psychological distress in early adulthood. Early recognition of childhood adversities followed by relevant support measures may play an important role in preventing health problems in adulthood."

    AB - "Background: Of the many studies assessing the impact of childhood living conditions on health and health inequalities in adulthood, only few have combined information on current determinants of health with detailed individual level data on different aspects of childhood living conditions and adversities. This study aims (i) to assess the role of parental education, self-reported childhood adversities and family structure as determinants of different dimensions of health in early adulthood, and (ii) to identify the role of the respondent's own education as a modifier of the association between childhood living conditions and health. Methods: The study is based on a representative sample (n = 3669; participation rate 83%) of young adults aged 18-39 years in 2000 in Finland. The main outcome measures were poor self-rated health (SRH), psychological distress (by GHQ12) and somatic morbidity. Results: Parental education, problems in childhood and the respondent's own education were independently related to SRH and psychological distress. The impact of childhood living conditions on health varied by gender and according to the measure of health. Childhood conditions were strongly associated with poor SRH and psychological distress, whereas the connection with somatic morbidity was weaker. The associations remained relatively unchanged after controlling for the respondent's own education. Conclusions: Childhood living conditions and adversities are strongly associated with poor SRH and psychological distress in early adulthood. Early recognition of childhood adversities followed by relevant support measures may play an important role in preventing health problems in adulthood."

    KW - 314 Health sciences

    U2 - 10.1093/eurpub/cki164

    DO - 10.1093/eurpub/cki164

    M3 - Article

    VL - 16

    SP - 306

    EP - 315

    JO - European Journal of Public Health

    JF - European Journal of Public Health

    SN - 1101-1262

    IS - 3

    ER -