Dielectron production in proton-proton collisions at root s=7 TeV

The ALICE Collaboration, S. Acharya, E. J. Brücken, B. Chang, T. E. Hilden, D. J. Kim, V. Litichevskyi, M. M. Mieskolainen, R. Orava, J. E. Parkkila, J. Rak, S. S. Räsänen, S. Saarinen, M. Slupecki, T. W. Snellman, W. H. Trzaska, M. Vargyas, J. Viinikainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The first measurement of e(+)e(-) pair production at mid-rapidity (vertical bar eta vertical bar(e) < 0.8) in pp collisions at root s = 7TeV with ALICE at the LHC is presented. The dielectron production is studied as a function of the invariant mass (m(ee )< 3.3 GeV/c(2)), the pair transverse momentum (p(T,ee) < 8 GeV/c), and the pair transverse impact parameter (DCA(ee)), i.e., the average distance of closest approach of the reconstructed electron and positron tracks to the collision vertex, normalised to its resolution. The results are compared with the expectations from a cocktail of known hadronic sources and are well described when PYTHIA is used to generate the heavy-flavour contributions. In the low-mass region (0.14 < m(ee) < 1.1 GeV/c(2)), prompt and non-prompt e(+)e(-) sources can be separated via the DCA(ee). In the intermediate-mass region (1.1 < m(ee) < 2.7 GeV/c(2)), a double-differential fit to the data in m(ee) and p(T,ee) and a fit of the DCA(ee) distribution allow the total cc and bb cross sections to be extracted. Two different event generators, PYTHIA and POWHEG, can reproduce the shape of the two-dimensional m(ee) and p(T,ee) spectra, as well as the shape , of the DCA(ee) distribution, reasonably well. However, differences in the c (c) over bar and b (b) over bar cross sections are observed when using the generators to extrapolate to full phase space. Finally, the ratio of inclusive to decay photons is studied via the measurement of virtual direct photons in the transverse-momentum range 1 < p(T) < 8 GeV/c. This is found to be unity within the statistical and systematic uncertainties and consistent with expectations from next-to-leading order perturbative quantum chromodynamic calculations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number064
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Volume2018
Issue number9
Number of pages47
ISSN1029-8479
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Sep 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 114 Physical sciences

Cite this

The ALICE Collaboration, Acharya, S., Brücken, E. J., Chang, B., Hilden, T. E., Kim, D. J., ... Viinikainen, J. (2018). Dielectron production in proton-proton collisions at root s=7 TeV. Journal of High Energy Physics, 2018(9), [064]. https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP09(2018)064
The ALICE Collaboration ; Acharya, S. ; Brücken, E. J. ; Chang, B. ; Hilden, T. E. ; Kim, D. J. ; Litichevskyi, V. ; Mieskolainen, M. M. ; Orava, R. ; Parkkila, J. E. ; Rak, J. ; Räsänen, S. S. ; Saarinen, S. ; Slupecki, M. ; Snellman, T. W. ; Trzaska, W. H. ; Vargyas, M. ; Viinikainen, J. / Dielectron production in proton-proton collisions at root s=7 TeV. In: Journal of High Energy Physics. 2018 ; Vol. 2018, No. 9.
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title = "Dielectron production in proton-proton collisions at root s=7 TeV",
abstract = "The first measurement of e(+)e(-) pair production at mid-rapidity (vertical bar eta vertical bar(e) < 0.8) in pp collisions at root s = 7TeV with ALICE at the LHC is presented. The dielectron production is studied as a function of the invariant mass (m(ee )< 3.3 GeV/c(2)), the pair transverse momentum (p(T,ee) < 8 GeV/c), and the pair transverse impact parameter (DCA(ee)), i.e., the average distance of closest approach of the reconstructed electron and positron tracks to the collision vertex, normalised to its resolution. The results are compared with the expectations from a cocktail of known hadronic sources and are well described when PYTHIA is used to generate the heavy-flavour contributions. In the low-mass region (0.14 < m(ee) < 1.1 GeV/c(2)), prompt and non-prompt e(+)e(-) sources can be separated via the DCA(ee). In the intermediate-mass region (1.1 < m(ee) < 2.7 GeV/c(2)), a double-differential fit to the data in m(ee) and p(T,ee) and a fit of the DCA(ee) distribution allow the total cc and bb cross sections to be extracted. Two different event generators, PYTHIA and POWHEG, can reproduce the shape of the two-dimensional m(ee) and p(T,ee) spectra, as well as the shape , of the DCA(ee) distribution, reasonably well. However, differences in the c (c) over bar and b (b) over bar cross sections are observed when using the generators to extrapolate to full phase space. Finally, the ratio of inclusive to decay photons is studied via the measurement of virtual direct photons in the transverse-momentum range 1 < p(T) < 8 GeV/c. This is found to be unity within the statistical and systematic uncertainties and consistent with expectations from next-to-leading order perturbative quantum chromodynamic calculations.",
keywords = "114 Physical sciences",
author = "{The ALICE Collaboration} and S. Acharya and Br{\"u}cken, {E. J.} and B. Chang and Hilden, {T. E.} and Kim, {D. J.} and V. Litichevskyi and Mieskolainen, {M. M.} and R. Orava and Parkkila, {J. E.} and J. Rak and R{\"a}s{\"a}nen, {S. S.} and S. Saarinen and M. Slupecki and Snellman, {T. W.} and Trzaska, {W. H.} and M. Vargyas and J. Viinikainen",
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The ALICE Collaboration, Acharya, S, Brücken, EJ, Chang, B, Hilden, TE, Kim, DJ, Litichevskyi, V, Mieskolainen, MM, Orava, R, Parkkila, JE, Rak, J, Räsänen, SS, Saarinen, S, Slupecki, M, Snellman, TW, Trzaska, WH, Vargyas, M & Viinikainen, J 2018, 'Dielectron production in proton-proton collisions at root s=7 TeV', Journal of High Energy Physics, vol. 2018, no. 9, 064. https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP09(2018)064

Dielectron production in proton-proton collisions at root s=7 TeV. / The ALICE Collaboration; Acharya, S.; Brücken, E. J.; Chang, B.; Hilden, T. E.; Kim, D. J.; Litichevskyi, V.; Mieskolainen, M. M.; Orava, R.; Parkkila, J. E.; Rak, J.; Räsänen, S. S.; Saarinen, S.; Slupecki, M.; Snellman, T. W.; Trzaska, W. H.; Vargyas, M.; Viinikainen, J.

In: Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2018, No. 9, 064, 12.09.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dielectron production in proton-proton collisions at root s=7 TeV

AU - The ALICE Collaboration

AU - Acharya, S.

AU - Brücken, E. J.

AU - Chang, B.

AU - Hilden, T. E.

AU - Kim, D. J.

AU - Litichevskyi, V.

AU - Mieskolainen, M. M.

AU - Orava, R.

AU - Parkkila, J. E.

AU - Rak, J.

AU - Räsänen, S. S.

AU - Saarinen, S.

AU - Slupecki, M.

AU - Snellman, T. W.

AU - Trzaska, W. H.

AU - Vargyas, M.

AU - Viinikainen, J.

PY - 2018/9/12

Y1 - 2018/9/12

N2 - The first measurement of e(+)e(-) pair production at mid-rapidity (vertical bar eta vertical bar(e) < 0.8) in pp collisions at root s = 7TeV with ALICE at the LHC is presented. The dielectron production is studied as a function of the invariant mass (m(ee )< 3.3 GeV/c(2)), the pair transverse momentum (p(T,ee) < 8 GeV/c), and the pair transverse impact parameter (DCA(ee)), i.e., the average distance of closest approach of the reconstructed electron and positron tracks to the collision vertex, normalised to its resolution. The results are compared with the expectations from a cocktail of known hadronic sources and are well described when PYTHIA is used to generate the heavy-flavour contributions. In the low-mass region (0.14 < m(ee) < 1.1 GeV/c(2)), prompt and non-prompt e(+)e(-) sources can be separated via the DCA(ee). In the intermediate-mass region (1.1 < m(ee) < 2.7 GeV/c(2)), a double-differential fit to the data in m(ee) and p(T,ee) and a fit of the DCA(ee) distribution allow the total cc and bb cross sections to be extracted. Two different event generators, PYTHIA and POWHEG, can reproduce the shape of the two-dimensional m(ee) and p(T,ee) spectra, as well as the shape , of the DCA(ee) distribution, reasonably well. However, differences in the c (c) over bar and b (b) over bar cross sections are observed when using the generators to extrapolate to full phase space. Finally, the ratio of inclusive to decay photons is studied via the measurement of virtual direct photons in the transverse-momentum range 1 < p(T) < 8 GeV/c. This is found to be unity within the statistical and systematic uncertainties and consistent with expectations from next-to-leading order perturbative quantum chromodynamic calculations.

AB - The first measurement of e(+)e(-) pair production at mid-rapidity (vertical bar eta vertical bar(e) < 0.8) in pp collisions at root s = 7TeV with ALICE at the LHC is presented. The dielectron production is studied as a function of the invariant mass (m(ee )< 3.3 GeV/c(2)), the pair transverse momentum (p(T,ee) < 8 GeV/c), and the pair transverse impact parameter (DCA(ee)), i.e., the average distance of closest approach of the reconstructed electron and positron tracks to the collision vertex, normalised to its resolution. The results are compared with the expectations from a cocktail of known hadronic sources and are well described when PYTHIA is used to generate the heavy-flavour contributions. In the low-mass region (0.14 < m(ee) < 1.1 GeV/c(2)), prompt and non-prompt e(+)e(-) sources can be separated via the DCA(ee). In the intermediate-mass region (1.1 < m(ee) < 2.7 GeV/c(2)), a double-differential fit to the data in m(ee) and p(T,ee) and a fit of the DCA(ee) distribution allow the total cc and bb cross sections to be extracted. Two different event generators, PYTHIA and POWHEG, can reproduce the shape of the two-dimensional m(ee) and p(T,ee) spectra, as well as the shape , of the DCA(ee) distribution, reasonably well. However, differences in the c (c) over bar and b (b) over bar cross sections are observed when using the generators to extrapolate to full phase space. Finally, the ratio of inclusive to decay photons is studied via the measurement of virtual direct photons in the transverse-momentum range 1 < p(T) < 8 GeV/c. This is found to be unity within the statistical and systematic uncertainties and consistent with expectations from next-to-leading order perturbative quantum chromodynamic calculations.

KW - 114 Physical sciences

U2 - 10.1007/JHEP09(2018)064

DO - 10.1007/JHEP09(2018)064

M3 - Article

VL - 2018

JO - Journal of High Energy Physics

JF - Journal of High Energy Physics

SN - 1029-8479

IS - 9

M1 - 064

ER -

The ALICE Collaboration, Acharya S, Brücken EJ, Chang B, Hilden TE, Kim DJ et al. Dielectron production in proton-proton collisions at root s=7 TeV. Journal of High Energy Physics. 2018 Sep 12;2018(9). 064. https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP09(2018)064