Digital Activism in Russia: The Evolution and Forms of Online Participation in an Authoritarian State

Markku Lonkila, Larisa Shpakovskaya, Philipp Torchinskiy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


This chapter describes how digitalization has affected activism in Russia by tracing the evolution, particularity, and the most visible forms of online activism in the context of the increasingly authoritarian Russian state. It discusses online activism in relation to “connective action” and illustrates it with two examples of contentious political activism: the anti-corruption campaign led by Alexei Navalny and the struggle to protect online communication from state surveillance by the Telegram messenger service. In addition, the chapter presents examples of Russian activism, which do not directly challenge the Kremlin.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Palgrave Handbook of Digital Russia Studies
EditorsDaria Gritsenko, Mariëlle Wijermars, Mikhail Kopotev
Number of pages19
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Publication date2021
Article number8
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-42854-9
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-42855-6
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes
MoE publication typeA3 Book chapter

Fields of Science

  • 5172 Global Politics

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