Diurnal and Seasonal Solar Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Photosynthesis in a Boreal Scots Pine Canopy

Caroline J. Nichol, Guillaume Drolet, Albert Porcar-Castell, Tom Wade, Neus Sabater, Elizabeth M. Middleton, Chris MacLellan, Janne Levula, Ivan Mammarella, Timo Vesala, Jon Atherton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Solar induced chlorophyll fluorescence has been shown to be increasingly an useful proxy for the estimation of gross primary productivity (GPP), at a range of spatial scales. Here, we explore the seasonality in a continuous time series of canopy solar induced fluorescence (hereafter SiF) and its relation to canopy gross primary production (GPP), canopy light use efficiency (LUE), and direct estimates of leaf level photochemical efficiency in an evergreen canopy. SiF was calculated using infilling in two bands from the incoming and reflected radiance using a pair of Ocean Optics USB2000+ spectrometers operated in a dual field of view mode, sampling at a 30 min time step using custom written automated software, from early spring through until autumn in 2011. The optical system was mounted on a tower of 18 m height adjacent to an eddy covariance system, to observe a boreal forest ecosystem dominated by Scots pine. (Pinus sylvestris) A Walz MONITORING-PAM, multi fluorimeter system, was simultaneously mounted within the canopy adjacent to the footprint sampled by the optical system. Following correction of the SiF data for O-2 and structural effects, SiF, SiF yield, LUE, the photochemicsl reflectance index (PRI), and the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) exhibited a seasonal pattern that followed GPP sampled by the eddy covariance system. Due to the complexities of solar azimuth and zenith angle (SZA) over the season on the SiF signal, correlations between SiF, SiF yield, GPP, and LUE were assessed on SZA <50 degrees and under strictly clear sky conditions. Correlations found, even under these screened scenarios, resulted around similar to r(2) = 0.3. The diurnal responses of SiF, SiF yield, PAM estimates of effective quantum yield (Delta F/Delta F-m(')), and meteorological parameters demonstrated some agreement over the diurnal cycle. The challenges inherent in SiF retrievals in boreal evergreen ecosystems are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number273
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume11
Issue number3
Number of pages22
ISSN2072-4292
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SiF)
  • seasonal dynamics
  • photosynthetic efficiency
  • proximal remote sensing
  • coniferous forest
  • gross primary productivity (GPP)
  • light-use efficiency (LUE)
  • Fraunhofer Line Discriminator (FLD)
  • flux tower
  • GROSS PRIMARY PRODUCTION
  • PHOTOCHEMICAL REFLECTANCE INDEX
  • SUN-INDUCED FLUORESCENCE
  • LIGHT-USE EFFICIENCY
  • PHOTOSYSTEM-II
  • WATER-STRESS
  • TEMPERATURE
  • FIELD
  • RETRIEVAL
  • SPECTROMETER
  • 4112 Forestry

Cite this

Nichol, Caroline J. ; Drolet, Guillaume ; Porcar-Castell, Albert ; Wade, Tom ; Sabater, Neus ; Middleton, Elizabeth M. ; MacLellan, Chris ; Levula, Janne ; Mammarella, Ivan ; Vesala, Timo ; Atherton, Jon. / Diurnal and Seasonal Solar Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Photosynthesis in a Boreal Scots Pine Canopy. In: Remote Sensing. 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 3.
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abstract = "Solar induced chlorophyll fluorescence has been shown to be increasingly an useful proxy for the estimation of gross primary productivity (GPP), at a range of spatial scales. Here, we explore the seasonality in a continuous time series of canopy solar induced fluorescence (hereafter SiF) and its relation to canopy gross primary production (GPP), canopy light use efficiency (LUE), and direct estimates of leaf level photochemical efficiency in an evergreen canopy. SiF was calculated using infilling in two bands from the incoming and reflected radiance using a pair of Ocean Optics USB2000+ spectrometers operated in a dual field of view mode, sampling at a 30 min time step using custom written automated software, from early spring through until autumn in 2011. The optical system was mounted on a tower of 18 m height adjacent to an eddy covariance system, to observe a boreal forest ecosystem dominated by Scots pine. (Pinus sylvestris) A Walz MONITORING-PAM, multi fluorimeter system, was simultaneously mounted within the canopy adjacent to the footprint sampled by the optical system. Following correction of the SiF data for O-2 and structural effects, SiF, SiF yield, LUE, the photochemicsl reflectance index (PRI), and the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) exhibited a seasonal pattern that followed GPP sampled by the eddy covariance system. Due to the complexities of solar azimuth and zenith angle (SZA) over the season on the SiF signal, correlations between SiF, SiF yield, GPP, and LUE were assessed on SZA <50 degrees and under strictly clear sky conditions. Correlations found, even under these screened scenarios, resulted around similar to r(2) = 0.3. The diurnal responses of SiF, SiF yield, PAM estimates of effective quantum yield (Delta F/Delta F-m(')), and meteorological parameters demonstrated some agreement over the diurnal cycle. The challenges inherent in SiF retrievals in boreal evergreen ecosystems are discussed.",
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Diurnal and Seasonal Solar Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Photosynthesis in a Boreal Scots Pine Canopy. / Nichol, Caroline J.; Drolet, Guillaume; Porcar-Castell, Albert; Wade, Tom; Sabater, Neus; Middleton, Elizabeth M.; MacLellan, Chris; Levula, Janne; Mammarella, Ivan; Vesala, Timo; Atherton, Jon.

In: Remote Sensing, Vol. 11, No. 3, 273, 01.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Diurnal and Seasonal Solar Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Photosynthesis in a Boreal Scots Pine Canopy

AU - Nichol, Caroline J.

AU - Drolet, Guillaume

AU - Porcar-Castell, Albert

AU - Wade, Tom

AU - Sabater, Neus

AU - Middleton, Elizabeth M.

AU - MacLellan, Chris

AU - Levula, Janne

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AU - Vesala, Timo

AU - Atherton, Jon

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N2 - Solar induced chlorophyll fluorescence has been shown to be increasingly an useful proxy for the estimation of gross primary productivity (GPP), at a range of spatial scales. Here, we explore the seasonality in a continuous time series of canopy solar induced fluorescence (hereafter SiF) and its relation to canopy gross primary production (GPP), canopy light use efficiency (LUE), and direct estimates of leaf level photochemical efficiency in an evergreen canopy. SiF was calculated using infilling in two bands from the incoming and reflected radiance using a pair of Ocean Optics USB2000+ spectrometers operated in a dual field of view mode, sampling at a 30 min time step using custom written automated software, from early spring through until autumn in 2011. The optical system was mounted on a tower of 18 m height adjacent to an eddy covariance system, to observe a boreal forest ecosystem dominated by Scots pine. (Pinus sylvestris) A Walz MONITORING-PAM, multi fluorimeter system, was simultaneously mounted within the canopy adjacent to the footprint sampled by the optical system. Following correction of the SiF data for O-2 and structural effects, SiF, SiF yield, LUE, the photochemicsl reflectance index (PRI), and the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) exhibited a seasonal pattern that followed GPP sampled by the eddy covariance system. Due to the complexities of solar azimuth and zenith angle (SZA) over the season on the SiF signal, correlations between SiF, SiF yield, GPP, and LUE were assessed on SZA <50 degrees and under strictly clear sky conditions. Correlations found, even under these screened scenarios, resulted around similar to r(2) = 0.3. The diurnal responses of SiF, SiF yield, PAM estimates of effective quantum yield (Delta F/Delta F-m(')), and meteorological parameters demonstrated some agreement over the diurnal cycle. The challenges inherent in SiF retrievals in boreal evergreen ecosystems are discussed.

AB - Solar induced chlorophyll fluorescence has been shown to be increasingly an useful proxy for the estimation of gross primary productivity (GPP), at a range of spatial scales. Here, we explore the seasonality in a continuous time series of canopy solar induced fluorescence (hereafter SiF) and its relation to canopy gross primary production (GPP), canopy light use efficiency (LUE), and direct estimates of leaf level photochemical efficiency in an evergreen canopy. SiF was calculated using infilling in two bands from the incoming and reflected radiance using a pair of Ocean Optics USB2000+ spectrometers operated in a dual field of view mode, sampling at a 30 min time step using custom written automated software, from early spring through until autumn in 2011. The optical system was mounted on a tower of 18 m height adjacent to an eddy covariance system, to observe a boreal forest ecosystem dominated by Scots pine. (Pinus sylvestris) A Walz MONITORING-PAM, multi fluorimeter system, was simultaneously mounted within the canopy adjacent to the footprint sampled by the optical system. Following correction of the SiF data for O-2 and structural effects, SiF, SiF yield, LUE, the photochemicsl reflectance index (PRI), and the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) exhibited a seasonal pattern that followed GPP sampled by the eddy covariance system. Due to the complexities of solar azimuth and zenith angle (SZA) over the season on the SiF signal, correlations between SiF, SiF yield, GPP, and LUE were assessed on SZA <50 degrees and under strictly clear sky conditions. Correlations found, even under these screened scenarios, resulted around similar to r(2) = 0.3. The diurnal responses of SiF, SiF yield, PAM estimates of effective quantum yield (Delta F/Delta F-m(')), and meteorological parameters demonstrated some agreement over the diurnal cycle. The challenges inherent in SiF retrievals in boreal evergreen ecosystems are discussed.

KW - solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SiF)

KW - seasonal dynamics

KW - photosynthetic efficiency

KW - proximal remote sensing

KW - coniferous forest

KW - gross primary productivity (GPP)

KW - light-use efficiency (LUE)

KW - Fraunhofer Line Discriminator (FLD)

KW - flux tower

KW - GROSS PRIMARY PRODUCTION

KW - PHOTOCHEMICAL REFLECTANCE INDEX

KW - SUN-INDUCED FLUORESCENCE

KW - LIGHT-USE EFFICIENCY

KW - PHOTOSYSTEM-II

KW - WATER-STRESS

KW - TEMPERATURE

KW - FIELD

KW - RETRIEVAL

KW - SPECTROMETER

KW - 4112 Forestry

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DO - 10.3390/rs11030273

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - Remote Sensing

JF - Remote Sensing

SN - 2072-4292

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ER -