Effect of language experience on selective auditory attention: An event-related potential study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Dual language experience has typically been shown to improve various executive control functions. We investigated with event-related brain potentials (ERPs) recorded from early (natively) bilingual speakers and control participants whether it also affects auditory selective attention. We delivered to our participants two tone streams, one to the left and one to the right ear. Both streams consisted of standard tones and two types of infrequent deviant tones which had either an enhanced duration or intensity. The participants were instructed to attend either to the right or left stream and to detect longer-duration deviants in the attended stream. The results showed that the early bilinguals did not outperform the controls in target detection accuracy or speed. However, the late portion of the attention-related ERP modulation (the negative difference, Nd) was larger over the left hemisphere in the early bilinguals than in the controls, suggesting that the maintenance of selective attention or further processing of selectively attended sounds is enhanced in the bilinguals. Moreover, the late reorienting negativity (RON) in response to intensity-deviant tones was larger in the bilinguals, suggesting more efficient disengagement of attention from distracting auditory events. Hence, our results demonstrate that brain responses associated with certain aspects of auditory attention are enhanced in the bilingual adults, indicating that early dual language exposure modulates the neuronal responsiveness of auditory modality.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
Volume127
Pages (from-to)38-45
Number of pages8
ISSN0167-8760
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • Selective attention
  • Audition
  • ERPs
  • Negative difference
  • Bilingualism
  • BRAIN POTENTIALS
  • INVOLUNTARY ATTENTION
  • BILINGUAL ADVANTAGES
  • MISMATCH NEGATIVITY
  • TEMPORAL DYNAMICS
  • COGNITIVE CONTROL
  • SWEDISH QUANTITY
  • TIME-COURSE
  • SOUND
  • STIMULI
  • 515 Psychology

Cite this

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title = "Effect of language experience on selective auditory attention: An event-related potential study",
abstract = "Dual language experience has typically been shown to improve various executive control functions. We investigated with event-related brain potentials (ERPs) recorded from early (natively) bilingual speakers and control participants whether it also affects auditory selective attention. We delivered to our participants two tone streams, one to the left and one to the right ear. Both streams consisted of standard tones and two types of infrequent deviant tones which had either an enhanced duration or intensity. The participants were instructed to attend either to the right or left stream and to detect longer-duration deviants in the attended stream. The results showed that the early bilinguals did not outperform the controls in target detection accuracy or speed. However, the late portion of the attention-related ERP modulation (the negative difference, Nd) was larger over the left hemisphere in the early bilinguals than in the controls, suggesting that the maintenance of selective attention or further processing of selectively attended sounds is enhanced in the bilinguals. Moreover, the late reorienting negativity (RON) in response to intensity-deviant tones was larger in the bilinguals, suggesting more efficient disengagement of attention from distracting auditory events. Hence, our results demonstrate that brain responses associated with certain aspects of auditory attention are enhanced in the bilingual adults, indicating that early dual language exposure modulates the neuronal responsiveness of auditory modality.",
keywords = "Selective attention, Audition, ERPs, Negative difference, Bilingualism, BRAIN POTENTIALS, INVOLUNTARY ATTENTION, BILINGUAL ADVANTAGES, MISMATCH NEGATIVITY, TEMPORAL DYNAMICS, COGNITIVE CONTROL, SWEDISH QUANTITY, TIME-COURSE, SOUND, STIMULI, 515 Psychology",
author = "Pia R{\"a}m{\"a} and Alina Leminen and Satu Koskenoja-Vainikka and Miika Leminen and Kimmo Alho and Teija Kujala",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2018.03.007",
language = "English",
volume = "127",
pages = "38--45",
journal = "International Journal of Psychophysiology",
issn = "0167-8760",
publisher = "Elsevier Scientific Publ. Co",

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T1 - Effect of language experience on selective auditory attention: An event-related potential study

AU - Rämä, Pia

AU - Leminen, Alina

AU - Koskenoja-Vainikka, Satu

AU - Leminen, Miika

AU - Alho, Kimmo

AU - Kujala, Teija

PY - 2018/5

Y1 - 2018/5

N2 - Dual language experience has typically been shown to improve various executive control functions. We investigated with event-related brain potentials (ERPs) recorded from early (natively) bilingual speakers and control participants whether it also affects auditory selective attention. We delivered to our participants two tone streams, one to the left and one to the right ear. Both streams consisted of standard tones and two types of infrequent deviant tones which had either an enhanced duration or intensity. The participants were instructed to attend either to the right or left stream and to detect longer-duration deviants in the attended stream. The results showed that the early bilinguals did not outperform the controls in target detection accuracy or speed. However, the late portion of the attention-related ERP modulation (the negative difference, Nd) was larger over the left hemisphere in the early bilinguals than in the controls, suggesting that the maintenance of selective attention or further processing of selectively attended sounds is enhanced in the bilinguals. Moreover, the late reorienting negativity (RON) in response to intensity-deviant tones was larger in the bilinguals, suggesting more efficient disengagement of attention from distracting auditory events. Hence, our results demonstrate that brain responses associated with certain aspects of auditory attention are enhanced in the bilingual adults, indicating that early dual language exposure modulates the neuronal responsiveness of auditory modality.

AB - Dual language experience has typically been shown to improve various executive control functions. We investigated with event-related brain potentials (ERPs) recorded from early (natively) bilingual speakers and control participants whether it also affects auditory selective attention. We delivered to our participants two tone streams, one to the left and one to the right ear. Both streams consisted of standard tones and two types of infrequent deviant tones which had either an enhanced duration or intensity. The participants were instructed to attend either to the right or left stream and to detect longer-duration deviants in the attended stream. The results showed that the early bilinguals did not outperform the controls in target detection accuracy or speed. However, the late portion of the attention-related ERP modulation (the negative difference, Nd) was larger over the left hemisphere in the early bilinguals than in the controls, suggesting that the maintenance of selective attention or further processing of selectively attended sounds is enhanced in the bilinguals. Moreover, the late reorienting negativity (RON) in response to intensity-deviant tones was larger in the bilinguals, suggesting more efficient disengagement of attention from distracting auditory events. Hence, our results demonstrate that brain responses associated with certain aspects of auditory attention are enhanced in the bilingual adults, indicating that early dual language exposure modulates the neuronal responsiveness of auditory modality.

KW - Selective attention

KW - Audition

KW - ERPs

KW - Negative difference

KW - Bilingualism

KW - BRAIN POTENTIALS

KW - INVOLUNTARY ATTENTION

KW - BILINGUAL ADVANTAGES

KW - MISMATCH NEGATIVITY

KW - TEMPORAL DYNAMICS

KW - COGNITIVE CONTROL

KW - SWEDISH QUANTITY

KW - TIME-COURSE

KW - SOUND

KW - STIMULI

KW - 515 Psychology

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2018.03.007

DO - 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2018.03.007

M3 - Article

VL - 127

SP - 38

EP - 45

JO - International Journal of Psychophysiology

JF - International Journal of Psychophysiology

SN - 0167-8760

ER -