Effect of Milk Fat Globule Membrane- and Protein-Containing Snack Product on Physical Performance of Older Women-A Randomized Controlled Trial

Satu K. Jyväkorpi, Riikka T. Niskanen, Marianna Markkanen, Karoliina Salminen, Timo Sibakov, Kaity-Marin Lehtonen, Susanna Kunvik, Kaisu H. Pitkälä, Anu M. Turpeinen, Merja H. Suominen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Introduction: Sarcopenia is common in people 70+ years of age, and its prevalence increases with further aging. Insufficient energy and protein intake accelerates muscle loss, whereas sufficient protein intake and milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) may suppress age-associated deterioration of muscle mass and strength. Our objective was to test whether a snack product high in MFGM and protein would improve physical performance in older women. Methods: In this 12-week randomized controlled trial, women ≥ 70 years, with protein intake < 1.2 g/body weight (BW) kg/day (d), were randomized into intervention (n = 51) and control (n = 50) groups. The intervention group received a daily snack product containing ≥ 23 g of milk protein and 3.6–3.9 g of MFGM. Both groups were advised to perform a five-movement exercise routine. The primary outcome was the change in the five-time-sit-to-stand test between the groups. Secondary outcomes included changes in physical performance, cognition, hand grip strength, and health-related quality of life. Results: The change in the five-time-sit-to-stand test did not differ between the intervention and the control groups. The change in the total Short Physical Performance Battery score differed significantly, favoring the intervention group (p = 0.020), and the balance test showed the largest difference. Protein intake increased significantly in the intervention group (+14 g) compared to the control group (+2 g). No other significant changes were observed. Conclusions: Our results indicate that the combination of MFGM and protein may improve the physical performance-related balance of older women.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number13
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 5-time-chair-stand test
  • Sppb
  • Balance
  • Milk fat globule membrane
  • Older women
  • Protein
  • 3143 Nutrition

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