Effects of supplementing prepartum sow diet with organic acids on neonatal piglet mortality

Research output: Conference materialsPosterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The primary goal of the present study was to examine the effect of supplemental organic acids to the late gestation diet on neonatal piglet mortality. An additional goal was to study the effect of the loose-housed farrowing system on neonatal piglet mortality. A total of 60 sows were moved to farrowing units 7 days before the expected parturition date. The sows and their offspring were allocated to a factorial design with two factors, diet [CON (normal sow diet) vs. ORG (normal sow diet supplementing tall oil fatty and resin acids)] and housing [CRATE (crate size: 225 × 65 × 65, pen size: 325 × 250) vs. FREE (crate size: 225 × 159 × 191, pen size: 325 × 250)]. The live-born piglet mortality rate was remarkably higher in FREE than in CRATE (11.8 % ± 1.9 vs. 3.3 % ± 1.8, P < 0.01). This was due to the higher rate of crushed piglets seen in FREE compared to CRATE (11.5 % ± 1.8 vs. 2.4 ± 1.8, P < 0.001). In FREE, the sows with ORG diet had a lower rate of crushed piglets (5.6 % ± 2.5 vs. 17.5 % ± 2.6, P < 0.01), and thus the lower live-born piglet mortality rate (6.0 % ± 2.5 vs. 17.5 % ± 2.7, P < 0.05) than the sows with CON diet, whereas among sows in CRATE, the live-born piglet mortality rate was not affected By different diets (1.3 % ± 2.6 for CON vs. 5.3 % ± 2.6 for ORG). Consequently, these data indicate that supplemental tall oil fatty and resin acids to the diet of the prepartum sow could reduce mortality rates of neonatal piglets in loosed-housed system within 24 h postpartum.
Original languageEnglish
PagesAWN-060
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
Event10th European Symposium of Porcine Health Management - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: 8 May 201810 Sep 2018

Conference

Conference10th European Symposium of Porcine Health Management
CountrySpain
CityBarcelona
Period08/05/201810/09/2018

Fields of Science

  • 413 Veterinary science

Cite this

Yun, J., Hasan, S., Saha, S., Oliviero, C., & Peltoniemi, O. A. T. (2018). Effects of supplementing prepartum sow diet with organic acids on neonatal piglet mortality. AWN-060. Poster session presented at 10th European Symposium of Porcine Health Management, Barcelona, Spain.
Yun, Jinhyeon ; Hasan, Shah ; Saha, Sani ; Oliviero, Claudio ; Peltoniemi, Olli Aarno Tapio. / Effects of supplementing prepartum sow diet with organic acids on neonatal piglet mortality. Poster session presented at 10th European Symposium of Porcine Health Management, Barcelona, Spain.1 p.
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title = "Effects of supplementing prepartum sow diet with organic acids on neonatal piglet mortality",
abstract = "The primary goal of the present study was to examine the effect of supplemental organic acids to the late gestation diet on neonatal piglet mortality. An additional goal was to study the effect of the loose-housed farrowing system on neonatal piglet mortality. A total of 60 sows were moved to farrowing units 7 days before the expected parturition date. The sows and their offspring were allocated to a factorial design with two factors, diet [CON (normal sow diet) vs. ORG (normal sow diet supplementing tall oil fatty and resin acids)] and housing [CRATE (crate size: 225 × 65 × 65, pen size: 325 × 250) vs. FREE (crate size: 225 × 159 × 191, pen size: 325 × 250)]. The live-born piglet mortality rate was remarkably higher in FREE than in CRATE (11.8 {\%} ± 1.9 vs. 3.3 {\%} ± 1.8, P < 0.01). This was due to the higher rate of crushed piglets seen in FREE compared to CRATE (11.5 {\%} ± 1.8 vs. 2.4 ± 1.8, P < 0.001). In FREE, the sows with ORG diet had a lower rate of crushed piglets (5.6 {\%} ± 2.5 vs. 17.5 {\%} ± 2.6, P < 0.01), and thus the lower live-born piglet mortality rate (6.0 {\%} ± 2.5 vs. 17.5 {\%} ± 2.7, P < 0.05) than the sows with CON diet, whereas among sows in CRATE, the live-born piglet mortality rate was not affected By different diets (1.3 {\%} ± 2.6 for CON vs. 5.3 {\%} ± 2.6 for ORG). Consequently, these data indicate that supplemental tall oil fatty and resin acids to the diet of the prepartum sow could reduce mortality rates of neonatal piglets in loosed-housed system within 24 h postpartum.",
keywords = "413 Veterinary science",
author = "Jinhyeon Yun and Shah Hasan and Sani Saha and Claudio Oliviero and Peltoniemi, {Olli Aarno Tapio}",
year = "2018",
language = "English",
pages = "AWN--060",
note = "10th European Symposium of Porcine Health Management ; Conference date: 08-05-2018 Through 10-09-2018",

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Yun, J, Hasan, S, Saha, S, Oliviero, C & Peltoniemi, OAT 2018, 'Effects of supplementing prepartum sow diet with organic acids on neonatal piglet mortality' 10th European Symposium of Porcine Health Management, Barcelona, Spain, 08/05/2018 - 10/09/2018, pp. AWN-060.

Effects of supplementing prepartum sow diet with organic acids on neonatal piglet mortality. / Yun, Jinhyeon; Hasan, Shah; Saha, Sani; Oliviero, Claudio; Peltoniemi, Olli Aarno Tapio.

2018. AWN-060 Poster session presented at 10th European Symposium of Porcine Health Management, Barcelona, Spain.

Research output: Conference materialsPosterResearchpeer-review

TY - CONF

T1 - Effects of supplementing prepartum sow diet with organic acids on neonatal piglet mortality

AU - Yun, Jinhyeon

AU - Hasan, Shah

AU - Saha, Sani

AU - Oliviero, Claudio

AU - Peltoniemi, Olli Aarno Tapio

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - The primary goal of the present study was to examine the effect of supplemental organic acids to the late gestation diet on neonatal piglet mortality. An additional goal was to study the effect of the loose-housed farrowing system on neonatal piglet mortality. A total of 60 sows were moved to farrowing units 7 days before the expected parturition date. The sows and their offspring were allocated to a factorial design with two factors, diet [CON (normal sow diet) vs. ORG (normal sow diet supplementing tall oil fatty and resin acids)] and housing [CRATE (crate size: 225 × 65 × 65, pen size: 325 × 250) vs. FREE (crate size: 225 × 159 × 191, pen size: 325 × 250)]. The live-born piglet mortality rate was remarkably higher in FREE than in CRATE (11.8 % ± 1.9 vs. 3.3 % ± 1.8, P < 0.01). This was due to the higher rate of crushed piglets seen in FREE compared to CRATE (11.5 % ± 1.8 vs. 2.4 ± 1.8, P < 0.001). In FREE, the sows with ORG diet had a lower rate of crushed piglets (5.6 % ± 2.5 vs. 17.5 % ± 2.6, P < 0.01), and thus the lower live-born piglet mortality rate (6.0 % ± 2.5 vs. 17.5 % ± 2.7, P < 0.05) than the sows with CON diet, whereas among sows in CRATE, the live-born piglet mortality rate was not affected By different diets (1.3 % ± 2.6 for CON vs. 5.3 % ± 2.6 for ORG). Consequently, these data indicate that supplemental tall oil fatty and resin acids to the diet of the prepartum sow could reduce mortality rates of neonatal piglets in loosed-housed system within 24 h postpartum.

AB - The primary goal of the present study was to examine the effect of supplemental organic acids to the late gestation diet on neonatal piglet mortality. An additional goal was to study the effect of the loose-housed farrowing system on neonatal piglet mortality. A total of 60 sows were moved to farrowing units 7 days before the expected parturition date. The sows and their offspring were allocated to a factorial design with two factors, diet [CON (normal sow diet) vs. ORG (normal sow diet supplementing tall oil fatty and resin acids)] and housing [CRATE (crate size: 225 × 65 × 65, pen size: 325 × 250) vs. FREE (crate size: 225 × 159 × 191, pen size: 325 × 250)]. The live-born piglet mortality rate was remarkably higher in FREE than in CRATE (11.8 % ± 1.9 vs. 3.3 % ± 1.8, P < 0.01). This was due to the higher rate of crushed piglets seen in FREE compared to CRATE (11.5 % ± 1.8 vs. 2.4 ± 1.8, P < 0.001). In FREE, the sows with ORG diet had a lower rate of crushed piglets (5.6 % ± 2.5 vs. 17.5 % ± 2.6, P < 0.01), and thus the lower live-born piglet mortality rate (6.0 % ± 2.5 vs. 17.5 % ± 2.7, P < 0.05) than the sows with CON diet, whereas among sows in CRATE, the live-born piglet mortality rate was not affected By different diets (1.3 % ± 2.6 for CON vs. 5.3 % ± 2.6 for ORG). Consequently, these data indicate that supplemental tall oil fatty and resin acids to the diet of the prepartum sow could reduce mortality rates of neonatal piglets in loosed-housed system within 24 h postpartum.

KW - 413 Veterinary science

M3 - Poster

SP - AWN-060

ER -

Yun J, Hasan S, Saha S, Oliviero C, Peltoniemi OAT. Effects of supplementing prepartum sow diet with organic acids on neonatal piglet mortality. 2018. Poster session presented at 10th European Symposium of Porcine Health Management, Barcelona, Spain.