Effects of timber prices, ownership objectives, and owner characteristics on timber supply

Ibrahim M Favada, Heimo Karppinen, Jari Kuuluvainen, Jarmo Mikkola, Corinne Stavness

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


In this article. we examine factors affecting nonindustrial private timber supply using a consistent estimation method for a limited dependent variable model. The Survey data. collected in 1999 from 3.051 Finnish forest owners, includes information oil objectives for ownership as well as annual harvest volumes between 1994 and 1998. Ownership objectives are identified using principal component analysis, and five forest ownership objective groups are generated using K-means clustering: multiobjective owners, investors. self employed owners, recreationists, and indifferent owners. Along with stumpage price, reforestation costs and forest and owner characteristics, including the above objective groups, are used is explanatory variables in estimating the Supply equation. A consistent estimation method allowing for heteroscedasticity and non-normality is used. Statistically significant elasticity of the unconditional mean harvest with respect to timber price is 1.3 Recreationists and indifferent forest owners, ceteris paribus, harvest about 2 m(3)/ha/year less than multiobjective owners and self-employed owners. whereas investors and indifferent owners are more price-responsive than the other groups. FOR. SCI 55(6):512-523.
Original languageEnglish
JournalForest Science
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)512-523
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2009
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 411 Agriculture and forestry

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