Efficacy of gene transfer through the round window membrane: an in vitro model

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    The viral vector-transgene soaked gelatin-sponge method has been shown to be successful in mediating transgene expression across an intact round window membrane (RWM) in mouse in vivo. However, there are many confounding factors which make it difficult to evaluate the role of the RWM in gene transfer. We have created an in vitro model to test the feasibility of gene delivery through an intact RWM. The round window including the bony niche of a CD1 mouse was removed under an operating microscope and fixed with adhesive on the base of a petri dish through which a hole had been drilled. Toluidine blue was injected into the niche containing a hyaluronic acid ester sponge against the round window membrane. The niche was closed with a fascia. A plastic tube containing PBS was fixed on the opposite side, from where the samples were collected at different time points. The concentration of toluidine blue was evaluated spectrophotometrically. An adenoviral vector containing green fluorescent protein (GFP) marker gene was injected into the niche. Samples were collected from the opposite side at different time points. The presence of the vector was studied with GFP PCR. We also modulated the permeability of the RWM by treating it with clinically applicable detergents, histamine or silver nitrate. Silver nitrate and trichloracetic acid caused destruction of the surface epithelium of the RWM as shown by light microscopy. Both toluidine blue and adenoviral vectors passed through the RWM in a time-dependent fashion. RWM cells expressed GFP after Ad-GFP treatment. The permeability of the RWM was decreased after treatment with different detergents, histamine or silver nitrate. RWM offers an atraumatic route to the inner ear. Compared with more invasive gene delivery methods, this technique represents a safer and clinically more viable route of cochlear gene delivery. Copyright (c) 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalORL
    Volume68
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)220-227
    Number of pages8
    ISSN0301-1569
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Cite this

    @article{ceb47ee1ca7f4bea91e68795f499b720,
    title = "Efficacy of gene transfer through the round window membrane: an in vitro model",
    abstract = "The viral vector-transgene soaked gelatin-sponge method has been shown to be successful in mediating transgene expression across an intact round window membrane (RWM) in mouse in vivo. However, there are many confounding factors which make it difficult to evaluate the role of the RWM in gene transfer. We have created an in vitro model to test the feasibility of gene delivery through an intact RWM. The round window including the bony niche of a CD1 mouse was removed under an operating microscope and fixed with adhesive on the base of a petri dish through which a hole had been drilled. Toluidine blue was injected into the niche containing a hyaluronic acid ester sponge against the round window membrane. The niche was closed with a fascia. A plastic tube containing PBS was fixed on the opposite side, from where the samples were collected at different time points. The concentration of toluidine blue was evaluated spectrophotometrically. An adenoviral vector containing green fluorescent protein (GFP) marker gene was injected into the niche. Samples were collected from the opposite side at different time points. The presence of the vector was studied with GFP PCR. We also modulated the permeability of the RWM by treating it with clinically applicable detergents, histamine or silver nitrate. Silver nitrate and trichloracetic acid caused destruction of the surface epithelium of the RWM as shown by light microscopy. Both toluidine blue and adenoviral vectors passed through the RWM in a time-dependent fashion. RWM cells expressed GFP after Ad-GFP treatment. The permeability of the RWM was decreased after treatment with different detergents, histamine or silver nitrate. RWM offers an atraumatic route to the inner ear. Compared with more invasive gene delivery methods, this technique represents a safer and clinically more viable route of cochlear gene delivery. Copyright (c) 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.",
    author = "Aarnisalo, {Antti A} and Piia Aarnisalo and L Pietola and J Wahlfors and Jussi Jero",
    year = "2006",
    doi = "10.1159/000092123",
    language = "English",
    volume = "68",
    pages = "220--227",
    journal = "ORL",
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    Efficacy of gene transfer through the round window membrane : an in vitro model. / Aarnisalo, Antti A; Aarnisalo, Piia; Pietola, L; Wahlfors, J; Jero, Jussi.

    In: ORL, Vol. 68, No. 4, 2006, p. 220-227.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Efficacy of gene transfer through the round window membrane

    T2 - an in vitro model

    AU - Aarnisalo, Antti A

    AU - Aarnisalo, Piia

    AU - Pietola, L

    AU - Wahlfors, J

    AU - Jero, Jussi

    PY - 2006

    Y1 - 2006

    N2 - The viral vector-transgene soaked gelatin-sponge method has been shown to be successful in mediating transgene expression across an intact round window membrane (RWM) in mouse in vivo. However, there are many confounding factors which make it difficult to evaluate the role of the RWM in gene transfer. We have created an in vitro model to test the feasibility of gene delivery through an intact RWM. The round window including the bony niche of a CD1 mouse was removed under an operating microscope and fixed with adhesive on the base of a petri dish through which a hole had been drilled. Toluidine blue was injected into the niche containing a hyaluronic acid ester sponge against the round window membrane. The niche was closed with a fascia. A plastic tube containing PBS was fixed on the opposite side, from where the samples were collected at different time points. The concentration of toluidine blue was evaluated spectrophotometrically. An adenoviral vector containing green fluorescent protein (GFP) marker gene was injected into the niche. Samples were collected from the opposite side at different time points. The presence of the vector was studied with GFP PCR. We also modulated the permeability of the RWM by treating it with clinically applicable detergents, histamine or silver nitrate. Silver nitrate and trichloracetic acid caused destruction of the surface epithelium of the RWM as shown by light microscopy. Both toluidine blue and adenoviral vectors passed through the RWM in a time-dependent fashion. RWM cells expressed GFP after Ad-GFP treatment. The permeability of the RWM was decreased after treatment with different detergents, histamine or silver nitrate. RWM offers an atraumatic route to the inner ear. Compared with more invasive gene delivery methods, this technique represents a safer and clinically more viable route of cochlear gene delivery. Copyright (c) 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.

    AB - The viral vector-transgene soaked gelatin-sponge method has been shown to be successful in mediating transgene expression across an intact round window membrane (RWM) in mouse in vivo. However, there are many confounding factors which make it difficult to evaluate the role of the RWM in gene transfer. We have created an in vitro model to test the feasibility of gene delivery through an intact RWM. The round window including the bony niche of a CD1 mouse was removed under an operating microscope and fixed with adhesive on the base of a petri dish through which a hole had been drilled. Toluidine blue was injected into the niche containing a hyaluronic acid ester sponge against the round window membrane. The niche was closed with a fascia. A plastic tube containing PBS was fixed on the opposite side, from where the samples were collected at different time points. The concentration of toluidine blue was evaluated spectrophotometrically. An adenoviral vector containing green fluorescent protein (GFP) marker gene was injected into the niche. Samples were collected from the opposite side at different time points. The presence of the vector was studied with GFP PCR. We also modulated the permeability of the RWM by treating it with clinically applicable detergents, histamine or silver nitrate. Silver nitrate and trichloracetic acid caused destruction of the surface epithelium of the RWM as shown by light microscopy. Both toluidine blue and adenoviral vectors passed through the RWM in a time-dependent fashion. RWM cells expressed GFP after Ad-GFP treatment. The permeability of the RWM was decreased after treatment with different detergents, histamine or silver nitrate. RWM offers an atraumatic route to the inner ear. Compared with more invasive gene delivery methods, this technique represents a safer and clinically more viable route of cochlear gene delivery. Copyright (c) 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.

    U2 - 10.1159/000092123

    DO - 10.1159/000092123

    M3 - Article

    VL - 68

    SP - 220

    EP - 227

    JO - ORL

    JF - ORL

    SN - 0301-1569

    IS - 4

    ER -