Employment, Poverty and Rights in India

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In comparison to other social groups, India’s rural poor – and particularly Adivasis and Dalits - have seen little benefit from the country’s economic growth over the last three decades. Though economists and statisticians are able to model the form and extent of this inequality, their work is rarely concerned with identifying possible causes.

Employment, Poverty and Rights in India analyses unemployment in India and explains why the issues of employment and unemployment should be the appropriate prism to understand the status of wellbeing in India. The author provides a historical analysis of policy interventions on behalf of the colonial and postcolonial state with regard to the alleviation of unemployment and poverty in India and in West Bengal in particular. Arguing that, as long as poverty - either as a concept or as an empirical condition - remains as a technical issue to be managed by governmental technologies, the ‘poor’ will be held responsible for their own fate and the extent of poverty will continue to increase. The book contends that rural unemployment in India is not just an economic issue but a political process that has consistently been shaped by various socio-economic, political and cultural factors since the colonial period. The analysis which depends mainly on ethnography extends to the implementation of the ‘New Rights Agenda’, such as the MGNREGA, at the rural margin.

Challenging the dominant approach to poverty, this book will be of interest to scholars working in the fields of South Asian studies, Indian Political Economy, contemporary political theories, poverty studies, neo-liberalism, sociology and social anthropology as well as development studies.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationAbingdon
Number of pages194
ISBN (Print)978-1-138-47958-6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-351-06542-9
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2018
MoE publication typeC1 Scientific book

Publication series

NameContemporary South Asia Series

Fields of Science

  • 5143 Social and cultural anthropology

Cite this

Roy, D. (2018). Employment, Poverty and Rights in India. (1st ed.) (Contemporary South Asia Series). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351065429