European Public Service Broadcasting Online: Services and Regulation

Jockum Hilden

    Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned reportProfessional


    The aim with this report is to map what online services European public service
    broadcasters (PSBs) provide, and how both EU and national legislation affect the
    online activities. To this end, the services of 46 European PSBs have been examined, of which the public service broadcasters of Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, the UK and France were chosen for closer inspection. A combination of sources were used for this study: interviews with various European researchers; a survey to select public service media (PSM); analysis of documents, such as legislation, reports and annual reports of PSBs; and academic articles.

    The overall impression of this report is that European PSBs are facing similar challenges across Europe. A multiplatform approach to web news is still lacking, and broadcasters could clearly invest more resources in integrating the different platforms online. The inability to develop online services may partly be explained by copyright legislation’s poor applicability to the online environment, for instance when it comes to podcasts and making content available offline. In order to develop online services, it is necessary to make headway on three levels. On a regulatory level, online services may be advanced via amendments to EU copyright legislation. On a contractual level, PSBs may enter into agreements with copyright collectives that make offline availability of content and audio-visual archives possible. On a strategic level, PSBs may allocate further resources to online innovation, which is inexpensive compared to launching new television series or channels. Simultaneous development on all three levels could greatly improve the current online service public value in all European countries.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationHelsinki
    Number of pages74
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

    Fields of Science

    • 518 Media and communications
    • public service broadcasting
    • Internet regulation
    • Mass media

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