Explainability of Machine Learning in Work Disability Risk Prediction

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


The risk of work disability can be predicted with machine learning (ML). All stakeholders should understand how the estimation is done to trust the results. Thus, these methods should be not only sufficiently accurate but also transparent and explainable. Explainability is one topic in artificial intelligence (AI) Ethics. Explainable AI (XAI) is especially important in health-related topics. We compared the accuracy of two ML methods that use occupational health care data (MHealth) and pension decision register data (MPension). Method MHealth uses deep neural networks and natural language processing (NLP) algorithms and method MPension uses different decision tree algorithms. We can assume that both methods are black box predictors because the reasoning behind the function is not understandable by humans. We observed in our previous study that both methods are sufficiently accurate to support experts in decision making. Our aim in this study was to determine if these methods are sufficiently explainable for clinical use. The two main approaches to estimating the explainability of the ML methods are transparency design and post-hoc explanations. We could not access the data for these methods and had to limit our research to the post-hoc explanation approach. We formulated the visualizations for the methods MHealth and MPension and discussed how understandable they are. We also determined that the explainability is better in MPension but the deep learning algorithm in MHealth is also possible to visualize.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2023 International Conference on Advances in Computing Research (ACR’23)
Number of pages10
Place of PublicationCham
Publication date27 May 2023
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-031-33743-7
Publication statusPublished - 27 May 2023
MoE publication typeA4 Article in conference proceedings
Event International Conference on Advances in Computing Research - Orlando, United States
Duration: 8 May 202310 May 2023

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Networks and Systems
ISSN (Print)2367-3370
ISSN (Electronic)2367-3389

Fields of Science

  • 113 Computer and information sciences

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