Factors Affecting Metal and Radionuclide Pollution In the Baltic Sea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

External pollution load in the Baltic Sea originates from urban, agricultural and industrial sources. Emissions of heavy metals have decreased
substantially in the catchment area but the temporal trends are not always significant and differ with sample, area and pollutant. The most
significant source of anthropogenic radioactivity in the Baltic Sea is fallout from the Chernobyl accident in 1986. Many factors affect the
future development of pollutant concentrations including anthropogenic emissions, political decisions and changes in salinity, temperature
and water currents, in eutrophication and oxygen status, in fisheries and in atmospheric deposition of pollutants. Large scale changes like
eutrophication and climate change affect ecosystems in many ways, directly and indirectly, causing biological and abiotic effects. These
factors are interrelated and difficult to predict. Measures aiming to enhance the ecological status of the Baltic Sea will certainly give positive
results but this will take at least several decades.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Environmental Sciences
Volume6
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)90-97
Number of pages8
ISSN1805-0174
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 1172 Environmental sciences

Cite this

@article{0c3fbfa7076a4fe29d76c935ae4acae0,
title = "Factors Affecting Metal and Radionuclide Pollution In the Baltic Sea",
abstract = "External pollution load in the Baltic Sea originates from urban, agricultural and industrial sources. Emissions of heavy metals have decreasedsubstantially in the catchment area but the temporal trends are not always significant and differ with sample, area and pollutant. The mostsignificant source of anthropogenic radioactivity in the Baltic Sea is fallout from the Chernobyl accident in 1986. Many factors affect thefuture development of pollutant concentrations including anthropogenic emissions, political decisions and changes in salinity, temperatureand water currents, in eutrophication and oxygen status, in fisheries and in atmospheric deposition of pollutants. Large scale changes likeeutrophication and climate change affect ecosystems in many ways, directly and indirectly, causing biological and abiotic effects. Thesefactors are interrelated and difficult to predict. Measures aiming to enhance the ecological status of the Baltic Sea will certainly give positiveresults but this will take at least several decades.",
keywords = "1172 Environmental sciences",
author = "Lodenius, {Hans Martin}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.14712/23361964.2016.13",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "90--97",
journal = "European Journal of Environmental Sciences",
issn = "1805-0174",
publisher = "Charles University, Prague",
number = "2",

}

Factors Affecting Metal and Radionuclide Pollution In the Baltic Sea. / Lodenius, Hans Martin.

In: European Journal of Environmental Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2016, p. 90-97.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors Affecting Metal and Radionuclide Pollution In the Baltic Sea

AU - Lodenius, Hans Martin

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - External pollution load in the Baltic Sea originates from urban, agricultural and industrial sources. Emissions of heavy metals have decreasedsubstantially in the catchment area but the temporal trends are not always significant and differ with sample, area and pollutant. The mostsignificant source of anthropogenic radioactivity in the Baltic Sea is fallout from the Chernobyl accident in 1986. Many factors affect thefuture development of pollutant concentrations including anthropogenic emissions, political decisions and changes in salinity, temperatureand water currents, in eutrophication and oxygen status, in fisheries and in atmospheric deposition of pollutants. Large scale changes likeeutrophication and climate change affect ecosystems in many ways, directly and indirectly, causing biological and abiotic effects. Thesefactors are interrelated and difficult to predict. Measures aiming to enhance the ecological status of the Baltic Sea will certainly give positiveresults but this will take at least several decades.

AB - External pollution load in the Baltic Sea originates from urban, agricultural and industrial sources. Emissions of heavy metals have decreasedsubstantially in the catchment area but the temporal trends are not always significant and differ with sample, area and pollutant. The mostsignificant source of anthropogenic radioactivity in the Baltic Sea is fallout from the Chernobyl accident in 1986. Many factors affect thefuture development of pollutant concentrations including anthropogenic emissions, political decisions and changes in salinity, temperatureand water currents, in eutrophication and oxygen status, in fisheries and in atmospheric deposition of pollutants. Large scale changes likeeutrophication and climate change affect ecosystems in many ways, directly and indirectly, causing biological and abiotic effects. Thesefactors are interrelated and difficult to predict. Measures aiming to enhance the ecological status of the Baltic Sea will certainly give positiveresults but this will take at least several decades.

KW - 1172 Environmental sciences

U2 - 10.14712/23361964.2016.13

DO - 10.14712/23361964.2016.13

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 90

EP - 97

JO - European Journal of Environmental Sciences

JF - European Journal of Environmental Sciences

SN - 1805-0174

IS - 2

ER -