FINRES-Vet 2018: Finnish Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring and Consumption of Antimicrobial Agents

Suvi Nykäsenoja, Satu Olkkola, Tarja Pohjanvirta, Mia Biström, Liisa Kaartinen, Henriette Helin-Soilevaara, Maria Aarnio, Mirja Raunio-Saarnisto, Katariina Kivilahti-Mäntylä, Martti Nevalainen, Thomas Grönthal, Katarina Eskola, Merja Rantala

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned reportProfessional

Abstract

Consumption of veterinary antimicrobials in food-producing animal species in Finland is low and in recent years, has decreased further. Drop is noted in sales of almost all antimicrobial classes. Particularly sales of orally administered products have decreased. Sales of tablets intended to companion animals has almost halved during this decade. Majority, two thirds, of all antimicrobial products sold in 2018 was for treatment of individual animals and the remaining third products applicable for group treatment. Narrow spectrum penicillin G was the most used antimicrobial for animals and the proportion of highest priority critically important antimicrobials (HPCIA) was very low.
The antimicrobial resistance situation in bacteria from animals and food has remained relatively good in Finland. However, in certain bacteria resistance was detected in moderate or high levels. Therefore, there is a need to further emphasise the preventive measures and prudent use of antimicrobials. It is important to follow the Finnish recommendations for the use of antimicrobials in animals.
Among salmonella and campylobacter isolated from Finnish food-producing animals, resistance levels were mainly low. For the first time in Finland, multidrug resistant S. Kentucky was isolated from cattle in 2018. From 2014, the occurrence of fluoroquinolone and tetracycline resistance in campylobacter from broilers have varied. The occurrence of fluoroquinolone resistance in indicator E. coli has increased although the resistance is still low. Among pathogenic bacteria isolated from food-producing animals the most notifiable change was the worsening of resistance in some bovine respiratory disease pathogens. In other pathogens from food-producing animals the resistance situation remained similar as in previous years.
The proportion of resistant bacterial isolates from companion animals and horses decreased for nearly all antimicrobials. However, the proportion of resistant isolates is still high for some antimicrobials.
ESBL/AmpC-producing bacteria were still encountered in broilers and broiler meat; prevalence of these bacteria in broiler meat was somewhat lower in 2018 compared to 2016.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationHelsinki
PublisherFinnish Food Authority
Number of pages42
ISBN (Electronic)978-952-358-009-1
Publication statusPublished - 19 Nov 2019
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

NameFinnish Food Authority publications
PublisherFinnish Food Authority
No.6/2019
ISSN (Electronic)2669-8307

Fields of Science

  • 413 Veterinary science
  • Antimicrobial resistance
  • consumption of antimicrobials

Cite this

Nykäsenoja, S., Olkkola, S., Pohjanvirta, T., Biström, M., Kaartinen, L., Helin-Soilevaara, H., ... Rantala, M. (2019). FINRES-Vet 2018: Finnish Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring and Consumption of Antimicrobial Agents. (Finnish Food Authority publications ; No. 6/2019). Helsinki: Finnish Food Authority.