Food security and safety in fisheries governance: A case study on Baltic herring

Mia Pihlajamäki, Simo Sarkki, Päivi Haapasaari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

One of the objectives of the EU Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) is to increase the contribution of fisheries to fish food availability and self-sufficiency. Still, the use of catch is often a secondary concern in fisheries governance and management – or not a concern at all – while the focus is on harvesting. This paper examines how the use of forage fish for human consumption can be increased within the limits of sustainability, using Baltic herring as a case study. Baltic herring contains high levels of dioxins and the human consumption is very low: the catches are mostly used for industrial purposes. The paper uses a participatory backcasting exercise to define a desirable future vision for the use of Baltic herring catch and to develop pathways of actor-specific governance actions to increase the use of the fish as a safe-to-eat food. The results reveal that increasing the contribution of forage fish, such as Baltic herring, to food security entails a paradigm shift in fisheries governance that involves 1) inclusion of well-defined objectives for catch use in the EU CFP and the related regional multiannual plans, 2) broadening the scope of the MSY-driven governance and management to one that addresses catch use, and 3) proactive catch use governance.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2018.06.003
JournalMarine Policy
Volume97
Pages (from-to)211-219
Number of pages9
ISSN0308-597X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 5141 Sociology
  • PARTICIPATORY BACKCASTING
  • CATCH USE GOVERNANCE
  • PARADIGM SHIFT
  • FORAGE FISH
  • DIOXINS

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